Études et rapports de recherches
Other QRS Clinical trials
and scientific studies
These are all in German and can be sent
to you upon request.
Pain alleviation 1995
University of Graz Prof. Dr. Fisher. Published on the
26th Annual Conference on Internal Medicine in Vienna
Ärztezeitschrift ZÄN July 1997
Dr. med. G. Grohmann, Prof. Dr. Ing.-habil. M. Krauss
Safety to pacemakers 1997
Univ.-Prof. Dr. K. Meyer-Waarden
Stray radiation safety (pacemakers)
Accredited EMV Prüflabor
Fa. Spiess, EMV Messtechnik
Stimulated metabolism, inparticular
Book Grundlagen der Quantentherapie
Dr. E. G. Fischer Univ.-Prof. Dr. H. L. König
Headache insomnia potency
Study of Univ. Prof. Dr. R. B. Pelka, Dr. V. Moliere
Book Grundlagen der Quantentherapie
Increased pulmonal oxygen absorption
Space research project, 1998 with QRS Ministry of Health, Moscow
Increased circulation as determined
by thermography 1998
Prof. Dr. hibil. W.A. Kafka, Max-Plank Institute
Prof. Dr. Ing.-hibil. M. Krauss
Proliferation of bacteria 1998
Study at the Hohenheim University
Univ.-Prof. Dr. R. Süssmuth, Dr. R. Mittenzwey
Wound healing (ulcerated legs)
Study at the General Accident Hospital Graz
Primarius Univ.-Prof. Dr. R. Passl
IOxygen partial pressure increase up
to 300% 1998
Large-scale study at the Saarland University, Book Grundlagen
Study and doctoral thesis at the Frankfurt University
Prof.Dr.L.Zichner, Dr.med.Th.Hennings, Large-scale study, duration
Diseases of the locomotor systems
Shoulder, hip and knee joint, neuralgias
Graz University, Univ.-Prof. Dr. rer.nat.G. Fischer
Dr.W.Glaube, W. Kobinger, published at the Österreichische
Zeitschrift für physikalische Medizine und Rehabilitation
Improved blood count 1999
(prevention of thrombus generation)
Prof. Dr. hibil. Mult. J. Waldmann, Prof.Dr.Ing-hibil. M. Krauss
Rheumatology and Osteology 1999
Hygiene Institute of the Graz University and Teaching Hospital
Univ.-Prog.Dr.rer.nat.G.Fischer, W.Kobinger, Dr.med.J.Barovic
Blood diagnostics-changes in blood volume
Prof.Dr.hibil.mult.J.Waldmann, Prof.Dr.Ing-hibil.M.Krauss, Dr.med.
Toxicity of white blood cells
Safety of QRS administration up to 2 hours duration and more.
Prof.Dr.Dr.A Varga, Heidelberg University
Demonstration of ion transport (cellular
metabolism). Patented at QRS 2000
Demonstration of the transport of ions Na+ K+, and Ca++ at the
Szeged University (Hungary) Prof. Dr. Dr. A. Varga and Dr. D.
Deralat at the Max-Plank-Institute
Field leakage at various applications
The involvement of third persons under QRS therapy
Determination of the required minimum distance.
Exact investigation of field strengths
and frequency patterns 2000
and the signal-theoretic analysis on the QRS stimulation signal
Wound healing sacral decubitus/multiple
varicose ulcers 2000
Study at the General Accident Hospital Graz Primarium Univ.-Prof.Dr.R..Passl
Dental treatment circulation
treatment of the pulp 2000
Jena: University, Dr.med.G.Grohmann
Prof.Dr.Ing.-habil. M. Krauss
Cardiovascular sympathicus control
by QRS 2000
Prof. Dr. Fischer AG Institute Technology Center
Prof. Dr. Ing.-hibil M. Krauss
Dr.med.J.Barovic, Doz. Dr. Z.Turk,
Marburg University Hospital
Univ.-Prof.Dr.rer.nat. G.Fischer, Graz University
Parkinsons Disease 2001
Trinidad and Tobago University
Cancer treatment 2001
La Torre Health Center, Torino
QRS therapy and oncology, pilot study
Ocular treatment- changes in retinal
Bone healing-osteoporosis-in vertebral
disk lesions 2001
Edith-Stein-achklink, Neurology and Orthopedics
QRS customers field study, 30,000 QRS
users 100 case studies 2001
Fitness sports/lactate and balance
Germany Armeded Forces University Munich
QRS Research around the World
University of Erlangen, wound healing
University ofI Nürnberg, diabetes
University of München, Ionen transport
University of Frankfurt, Osteoporosis
University of Jena, Cardiovascular
University of Graz, bone healing
University of Virginia, Rheumatoid Arthritis
Space Center Moscow, lung, bloodstream
University of West Indiens, sickle cell anemia
University of Amsterdam, melatonin
University of Belgrad, blood & scars
Magnetic Therapy Research Summary
The impact of
treatment with magnetic fields on a variety of physical ailments
are presented in the following descriptions of recent studies,
published in peer-reviewed scientific journals.
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
(Lou Gehrig's Disease),
of the eyelid),
Chronic Venous Insufficiency,
Diseases of the Larynx,
Spinal Cord Injury,
Ulcers (Gastric and
Disease - on review, after applying
external electromagnetic fields ranging 5 to 8 Hz, large improvements
were detected in Alzheimer's patients. These included improved
visual memory, drawing performance, spatial orientation, mood,
short-term memory and social interactions. R. Sandyk, Alzheimer's Disease: Improvement
of Visual Memory and Visuoconstructive Performance Treatment
with Picotesla Range Magnetic Fields, International Journal of
Neurosci, 76(3-4), June 1994, p. 185-225.
generally supported, a persons biological daily clock may causally
be related to memory deterioration in Alzheimer's patients and
in the ageing. Synchronizing of the circadian rhythms using magnetic
fields, (this article suggests) could lead to improved memory
for those affected. R. Sandyk, et al., Age-related Disruption
of Circadian Rhythms: Possible Relationship to Memory Impairment
and Implications for Therapy with Magnetic Fields, International
Journal of Neurosci, 59(4), August 1991, p. 259-262.
Lateral Sclerosis (Lou Gehrig's Disease)
- a study of three patients with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
were treated with a pulsed magnetic field administered by a Magnobiopulse
apparatus. Given three times a week for approximately 75 sessions
to achieve maximum benefits, all three experienced beneficial
effects. A. Bellosi & R. Berget, Pulsed Magnetic Fields:
A Glimmer of Hope for Patients Suffering from Amyotrophic Lateral
Sclerosis, Second World Congress for Electricity and Magnetism
in Biology and Medicine, 8-13 June 1997, Bologna, Italy.
Ankle Sprain - results of this double-blind, placebo-controlled
study indicated that treatment with two 30-minute sessions of
noninvasive pulsed radio frequency therapy is effective in significantly
decreasing the time required for edema reduction in patients
suffering from lateral ankle sprains. A.A. Pilla & L. Kloth,
Effect of Pulsed Radio Frequency Therapy on Edema in Ankle Sprains:
A Multisite Double-Blind Clinical Study, Second World Congress
for Electricity and Magnetism in Biology and Medicine, 8-13 June
1997, Bologna, Italy, p. 300.
Arthritis - three hours of exposure to a 50-Hz magnetic field
in this study revealed that experimentally induced inflammation
and suppressed arthritis in rats was significantly inhibited
as a result. Y. Mizushima,
et al., Effects of Magnetic Field on Inflammation, Experientia,
31(12), December 15, 1975, p.1411-1412.
double-blind, placebo-controlled research study on the effects
of pulsed electrical fields administered over a 4 week period
revealed significant improvement in patients receiving the therapy
relative to the controls. J.C. Reynolds, The Use of Implantable
Direct Current Stimulation in Bone Grafted Foot and Ankle Arthrodeses:
A Retrospective Review, Second World Congress for Electricity
and Magnetism in Biology and Medicine, 8-13 June 1997, Bologna,
this general review article on the treatment of patients with
psoriatic arthritis with magnetic fields, the authors state that
an alternating low-frequency magnetic field (30-40 mT) from such
generators as Polius-1 and Polius-101 improves the clinical
state of afflicted joints. Such treatments are normally carried
out for 30 minutes per day over a period of 15 to 20 days. V.D.
Grigor'eva, et al., Therapeutic Use of Physical Factors in Complex
Therapy of Patients with Psoriatic Arthritis, Vopr Kurortol Fizioter
Lech Fiz Kult, (6), 1995, p. 48-51
research studied the effects of magnetolaser therapy alone or
combined with conventional drugs in rheumatoid arthritis patients.
This treatment utilized a AMLT-01 device for magnetolaser therapy
and consisted of 14 days with 6 minute exposures daily. An obvious
improvement was seen after 3 days of treatment, with greater
improvement by patients suffering from mild to moderate levels
of the disease. End results computed into a 90 percent patient
improvement rate. 9B.Y. Drozdovski, et al., Use of Magnetolaser
Therapy with an AMLT-01 Apparatus in Complex Therapy for Rheumatoid
Arthritis, Fiz Med, 4(1-2), 1994, p. 101-102
This study on 7
to 14 year old juveniles suffering from rheumatoid arthritis
examined effects of low-frequency magnetic fields from a Polius-1
device. Ten daily treatment exposures of 10 to 12 minutes each
were conducted on three experimental groups. The three groups
showed 58, 76, 37 percent beneficial effects from the treatment. E.A. Shlyapok,
et al., Use of Alternating Low-Frequency Magnetic Fields in Combination
with Radon Baths for Treatment of Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis,
Vopr Kurortol Fizioter Lech Fiz Kult, 4,1992, p. 13-17.
frequency and constant magnetic fields in patients suffering
from rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthrosis was the focus of
this study. Patients with stages 1 & 2 rheumatoid arthritis
as well as patients with osteoarthrosis deformans, showed the
beneficial effects from treatments. These low frequency, constant
magnetic fields were found especially beneficial to the knees,
ankles and wrists. V.D. Grigor'eva, et al., Therapeutic Application
of Low-Frequency and Constant Magnetic Fields in Patients with
Osteoarthritis Deformans and Rheumatoid Arthritis, Vopr Kurortol
Fizioter Lech Fiz Kult, 4, 1980, p. 29-35.
(infection of the eyelid) - study
results indicated that using a magnetic ointment containing reduced
iron powder, with an alternating magnetic field had beneficial
effects with patients suffering from chronic blepharitis. V.A.
Machekhin, et al., A New Method for Treating Chronic Blepharitis
Using Magnetic Compounds and an Alternating Magnetic Field, Vestn
Oftalmol, 109(4), July-September 1993, p. 16-18.
- a group of 83 adults with ununited
fractures were examined for the effects of bone grafting and
pulsed electromagnetic fields for this study. Results showed
a successful healing rate of 87 percent in the original 38 patients
treated with bone grafts and PEMF for ununited fractures with
wide gaps, malalignment, and synovial pseudarthrosis. Of the
45 patients that were not successfully treated with PEMF and
had bone grafting, when re-treated with pulsing electromagnetic
fields, achieved a 93 percent success rate. C.A. Bassett, et
al.,Treatment of Therapeutically Resistant Non-unions with Bone
Grafts and Pulsing Electromagnetic Fields, Journal of Bone Joint
Surg, 64(8), October 1982, p. 1214-1220.
the effects of pulsing electromagnetic fields on 125 patients
suffering from ununited fractures of the tibial diaphysis, showed
a healing success rate of 87%. C.A. Bassett, et al.,Treatment
of Ununited Tibial Diaphyseal Fractures with Pulsing Electromagnetic
Fields, Journal of Bone Joint Surg, 63(4), April 1981, p. 511-523.
of this study showed treatment with pulsed electromagnetic fields
resulted in an overall success rate of at least 75 percent in
patients suffering from tibial lesions. M.W. Meskens, et al.,Treatment
of Delayed Union and Nonunion of the Tibia Pulsed Electromagnetic
Fields. A Retrospective Follow-up, Bull Hosp Jt Dis Orthop Inst,
48(2), Fall 1988, p. 170-175.
review article makes the following observations with respect
to the use of pulsed electromagnetic fields in treating ununited
fractures, failed arthrodeses, and congenital pseudarthroses.
The treatment has been shown to be more than 90 percent effective
in adult patients. In cases where union does not occur with PEMFs
alone after approximately four months, PEMF treatment coupled
with fresh bone grafts ensures a maximum failure rate of only
1 to 1.5 percent. For those with delayed union three to four
months following fracture, PEMFs appear to be more successful
than in patients treated with other conservative methods. For
more serious conditions, including infected nonunions, multiple
surgical failures, long-standing atrophic lesions, failed knee
arthrodeses after removal of infected prostheses, and congenital
pseudarthroses, PEMF treatment has exhibited success in most
patients.17 C.A. Bassett, The Development and Application of
Pulsed Electromagnetic Fields (PEMFs) for Ununited Fractures
and Arthrodeses, Clin Plast Surg, 12(2), April 1985, p. 259-277.
of this study found that 35 of 44 nonunited scaphoid fractures
6 months or older healed in a mean time of 4.3 months during
pulsed electromagnetic field treatment using external coils and
a thumb spica cast. G.K. Frykman, et al.,
Treatment of Nonunited Scaphoid Fractures Pulsed Electromagnetic
Field and Cast, Journal of Hand Surg, 11(3), May 1986, p. 344-349.
placebo-controlled study examined the effects of pulsed electromagnetic
fields in femoral neck fracture patients undergoing conventional
therapy. PEMF treatment was started within two weeks of fracture,
and patients were instructed to make use of the electromagnetic
device for 8 hours per day over a 90-day period. Results showed
beneficial effects relative to controls after 18 months of follow-up. E. Betti,
et al., Effect of
Electromagnetic Field Stimulation on Fractures of the Femoral
Neck. A Prospective Randomized Double-Blind Study,; Second World
Congress for Electricity and Magnetism in Biology and Medicine,
8-13 June 1997, Bologna, Italy.
of this double-blind study showed significant healing effects
of low-frequency pulsing electromagnetic fields in patients treated
with femoral intertrochanteric osteotomy for hip degenerative
arthritis. G. Borsalino, et al., Electrical Stimulation of Human
Femoral Intertrochanteric Osteotomies. Double-Blind Study, Clin
Orthop, (237), December 1988, 256-263.
this study, 147 patients with fractures of the tibia, femur,
and humerus who had failed to benefit from surgery-received treatment
with external skeletal fixation in situ and pulsed electromagnetic
fields. Results indicated an overall success rate of 73 percent.
Femur union was seen in 81 percent and tibia union in 75 percent.
M. Marcer, et al., Results of Pulsed Electromagnetic Fields (PEMFs)
in Ununited Fractures after External Skeletal Fixation, Clin
Orthop, (190), November 1984, . 260-265
study examined the effects of extremely low frequency electromagnetic
fields (1-1000 Hz, 4 gauss) on new bone fractures of female patients.Results
led the authors to suggest that EMF treatment accelerates the
early stages of fracture healing. O. Wahlstrom, Stimulation of
Fracture Healing with Electromagnetic Fields of Extremely Low
Frequency (EMF of ELF), Clin Orthop, (186), June 1984, . 293-301.
study examined the preventive effects of low-frequency pulsing
electromagnetic fields against delayed union in rat fibular osteotomies
and diaphyseal tibia fractures in humans. Results indicated such
treatment modulated and accelerated fracture union in both groups.
A.W. Dunn & G.A. Rush, 3d, Electrical Stimulation in
Treatment of Delayed Union and Nonunion of Fractures and Osteotomies,
Southern Medical Journal, 77(12),December 1984, . 1530-1534.
article discusses the cases of two children with bone malunion
following lengthening of congenitally shortened lower legs. Pulsed
sinusoidal magnetic field treatment was beneficial for both patients.
F. Rajewski & W. Marciniak, Use of Magnetotherapy for
Treatment of Bone Malunion in Limb Lengthening. Preliminary Report,
Chir Narzadow Ruchu Ortop Pol, 57(1-3), 1992,. 247-249.
of this study showed that 13 of 15 cases of long bone nonunion
treated with pulsed electromagnetic fields in combination with
Denham external fixator united within several months. R.B. Simonis,
et al.,The Treatment of Non-union Pulsed Electromagnetic Fields
Combined with a Denham External Fixator, Injury, 15(4), January
1984, . 255-260.
Results of this
study found electromagnetic field stimulation to be an effective
treatment for nonunion among a group of 37 French L. Sedel,
et al.,Acceleration of Repair of Non-unions electromagnetic Fields,
Rev Chir Orthop Reparatrice Appar Mot, 67(1), 1981, . 11-23.
of this study found treatment induced pulsing to be beneficial
in patients suffering from nonunions unresponsive to surgery.
J.C. Mulier & F. Spaas,Out-patient Treatment of Surgically
Resistant Non-unions Induced Pulsing Current - Clinical Results,
Arch Orthop Trauma Surg, 97(4), 1980,.293-297.
this interview with Dr. C. Andrew L. Bassett, a physician researching
the use of pulsed electromagnetic fields for the past 30 years
at Columbia University's Orthopedic Research Lab, Dr. Bassett
notes that approximately 10,000 of the 12,000-plus orthopedic
surgeons in the U.S. have used pulsed electromagnetic fields
on at least one patient. Many such surgeons have incorporated
the therapy on a more regular basis. He estimates that a total
of at least 65,000 patients nationwide have received the treatment,
with a probable success rate of between 80 and 90 percent. Use
of the treatment has been primarily in patients suffering from
nonunited fractures, fusion failures, and pseudoarthrosis.C.A.
Bassett, Conversations with C. Andrew L. Bassett, M.D. Pulsed
Electromagnetic Fields. A Noninvasive Therapeutic Modality for
Fracture Nonunion (Interview), Orthop. Review, 15(12)1986 781-795.
of this study showed pulsed electromagnetic fields to have beneficial
healing effects in patients suffering from difficult to treat
and surgically resistant bone nonunions. This review article
notes that the use of pulsed electromagnetic fields began in
1974, and that 250,000 nonunion patients have received the treatment
since. The author argues that success rates are comparable to
those of bone grafting, and that PEMF treatment is more cost-effective
and free of side effects. The FDA approved PEMF use in 1982,
although it remains widely unused due to physician misunderstanding
and lack of knowledge concerning the treatment. A. Bassett,
Therapeutic Uses of Electric and Magnetic Fields in Orthopedics,&
quot; in D.O. Carpenter & S. Ayrapetyan, (eds.), Biological
Effects of Electric and Magnetic Fields. Volume II: beneficial
and Harmful Effects, San Diego: Academic Press, 1994, . 13-48.
This 7-year study examined data on more than 11,000 cases of
nonunions treated with pulsed electromagnetic fields for up to
10 to 12 hours per day. Results indicated an overall success
rate of 75 percent. A.A. Goldberg, Computer Analysis of Data
on More than 11,000 Cases of Ununited Fracture Submitted for
Treatment with Pulsing Electromagnetic Fields, Bioelectrical
Repair and Growth Society, Second Annual Meeting, 20-22 September
1982, Oxford, UK, . 61.
This study examined
the effects of low-frequency electromagnetic fields (1-1000 Hz)
on middle-aged female patients suffering from fresh radius fractures.
Results showed significant increases in scintimetric activity
surrounding the fracture area after two weeks of EMF treatment
relative to controls. O.
Wahlstrom, Electromagnetic Fields Used in the Treatment of Fresh
Fractures of the Radius, Bioelectrical Repair and Growth Society,
Second Annual Meeting, 20-22 September 1982, Oxford, UK, . 26.
study examined the effects of constant magnetic fields in patients
suffering from fractures. Results showed that magnetic exposure
reduced pain and the onset of edema shortly after trauma. Where
edema was already present, the treatment exhibited marked anti-inflammatory
effects. The strongest beneficial effects occurred in patients
suffering from fractures of the ankle joints. G.B. Gromak &
G.A. Lacis, Evaluations of the Efficacy of Using a Constant Magnetic
Field in Treatment of Patients with Traumas, in I. Detlav, (ed.),
Electromagnetic Therapy of Injuries and Diseases of the Support-Motor
Apparatus. International Collection of Papers, Riga, Latvia:
Riga Medical Institute, 1987, . 88-95.
of this study found that 10 hours per day of electromagnetic
stimulation (1.0-1.5 mV) produced complete union in 23 of 26
patients receiving the treatment for non-joined fractures. A.F.
Lynch & P. MacAuley, Treatment of Bone Non-Union Electromagnetic
Therapy, Ir Journal of Med Sci, 154(4), 1985, . 153-155.
review article looks at the history of pulsed electromagnetic
fields as a means of bone repair. The author argues that success
rates have been either superior or equivalent to those of surgery,
with PEMF free of side effects and risk. C.A.L. Bassett, Historical
Overview of PEM-Assisted Bone and Tissue Healing,. Bioelectromagnetics
Society, 10th Annual Meeting,19-24 June 1988, Stamford, CT, .
Bronchitis - results of this double-blind, placebo-controlled
study indicated that both low-frequency electromagnetic field
treatment and treatment with pulsed electromagnetic fields proved
effective in patients suffering from chronic bronchitis when
coupled with standard drug therapies. Magnetic field treatment
consisted of a total of 15 15-20-minute daily exposures. V.M.
Iurlov, et al., The Efficacy of the Use of Low-Frequency Electromagnetic
Fields in Chronic Bronchitis, Voen Med Zh, 3, 1989, . 35-36.
Cancer - results of this study found that prolonged exposure
to a 7-tesla uniform static magnetic field for a period of 64
hours inhibited growth of three human tumor cell lines in vitro. R.R. Raylman, et al., Exposure
to Strong Static Magnetic Field Slows the Growth of Human Cancer
Cells in Vitro, Bioelectromagnetics, 17(5), 1996, . 358-363.
study examined the effects of a rotational magnetic field on
a group of 51 breast cancer patients. Results showed a significant
positive response in 27 of them. N.G. Bakhmutskii, et al., The
Assessment of the Efficacy of the Effect of a Rotational Magnetic
Field on the Course of the Tumor Process in Patients with Generalized
Breast Cancer, Sov Med, (7), 1991, . 25-27.
of this study indicated that exposure to a rotational magnetic
field inhibited Walker's carcinoma tumor growth as much as 90
percent in some cases. N.G. Bakhmutskii, et al., The Growth Dynamics
of Walker Carcinosarcoma During Exposure to a Magnetic Eddy Field,
Vopr Onkol, 37(6), 1991, . 705-708.
of this study indicated that pulsed magnetic field stimulation
increased the incorporation of antitumor agents into cells, and
thus increased antitumor activity shifting the cell cycle to
a proliferative from a nonproliferative phase. Y. Omote, An Experimental
Attempt to Potentiate Therapeutic Effects of Combined Use of
Pulsing Magnetic Fields and Antitumor Agents, Nippon Geka Gakkai
Zasshi, 89(8), August 1988, .. 1155-1166.
of this study found that 20-30 sessions of magnetotherapy administered
preoperatively exhibited antitumor effects in patients suffering
from lung cancer. L.S. Ogorodnikova, et al., Morphological Criteria
of Lung Cancer Regression Under the Effect of Magnetotherapy,
Vopr Onkol, 26(1), 1980, . 28-34.
study examined the effects of microwave resonance therapy (MRT)
in patients suffering from various forms of cancer. Results showed
that MRT treatment prior to surgery reduced the spread of cancer-associated
conditions and reduced the risk associated with surgery in 87
percent of patients. MRT applied postoperatively had beneficial
effects in 68 percent. D.V. Miasoedov, et al., Experience with
the Use of Microwave Resonance Therapy as a Modifying Factor
in Oncological Therapy, Abstracts of the First All-Union Symposium
with International Participation, May 10-13, 1989, Kiev, Ukraine,
Results of this
study proved that the combination of weak pulsed electromagnetic
fields with antioxidant supplementation is beneficial in the
treatment of patients suffering from tongue cancer, improving
speech, pain control, and tolerance to chemotherapy. U. Randoll
& R.M. Pangan, The Role of Complex Biophysical-Chemical Therapies
for Cancer, Bioelectrochem Bioenerg, 27(3), 1992, . 341-346.
of this controlled study indicated that treatment with a constant
magnetic field significantly improved long-term (3-year) survival
time in patients undergoing radiation therapy for cancer of the
throat. Constant magnetic field therapy consisted of the application
of 300 mT for 30 minutes to tumor and metastasizing regions immediately
prior to each irradiation. V.G. Andreev, et al., Radiomodifying
Effect of a Constant Magnetic Field in Radiation Therapy of Patients
with Cancer of the Throat, Fizicheskaia Meditzina, 4(1-2), 1994,.
of this Russian study indicated that the use of whole body eddy
magnetic fields, coupled with more conventional cancer therapies
(including magnetotherapy) is effective in the treatment of patients
suffering from a variety of different malignancies. V. Smirnova,
Anti-Tumorigenic Action of an Eddy Magnetic Field, Vrach, 2,
1994, . 25-26
article reports on the case of a 48-year-old-woman with breast
cancer who was treated successfully with magnetotherapy. Infiltration
showed a marked decrease following 30 whole body exposures to
an eddy magnetic field for 60 minutes. One metastatic node disappeared
while the size of others was reduced following 60 such exposures.
A total regression of tumor and metastases was seen following
the completion of a course of 110 exposures. N.G. Bakhmutskii,
et al., A Case of Successful Treatment of a Patient with Breast
Cancer Using a Rotating Electromagnetic Field, Soviet Medicine,
8, 1991, 86-87.
study examined the effects of whole body magnetic fields (16.5-35
G, 50-165 Hz) on patients suffering from different forms of cancer.
Treatment consisted of 15 cycles, each 1-20 minutes in duration,
and was coupled with more traditional cancer therapies. Results
showed that the magnetotherapy had overall beneficial effects,
particularly with respect to improved immune status and postoperative
recovery. V.A. Lubennikov, et al., First Experience in Using
a Whole-Body Magnetic Field Exposure in Treating Cancer Patients,
Vopr Onkol, 41(2), 1995, . 140-141.
Insufficiency - this study examined
the effects of alternating magnetic fields (15-20 minutes per
day over a period of 20 days) in patients suffering from chronic
venous insufficiency, varicose veins, and trophic shin ulcers.
Results showed good effects in 236 of the 271 patients receiving
the treatment. Thirty-four patients reported satisfactory effects.
Only one patient experienced no effects. E.I. Pasynkov, et al., Therapeutic Use of Alternating
Magnetic Field in the Treatment of Patients with Chronic Diseases
of the Veins of the Lower Limbs, Vopr Kurortol Fizioter Lech
Fiz Kult, 5, 1976, . 16-19.
review article notes that magnetotherapy in a variety of forms
has been successfully used in the treatment of chronic venous
insufficiency and is a commonly used physical therapy for the
condition. A.P. Dovganiuk, Balneologic and Physical Therapy of
Chronic Venous Insufficiency of Extremities, Vopr Kurortol Fizioter
Lech Fiz Kult, 2, 1995, . 48-49.
study examined the effects of running impulse magnetic fields
in patients suffering from vessel obliteration diseases of the
legs. Treatment consisted of 15-20 whole body exposures (0.5-5
mT, 1-2 Hz) lasting 15-20 minutes each. Results showed treatment
led to a significant reduction in the number of patients experiencing
leg pain while at rest. Among patients previously unable to walk
a 500-m distance, 52 percent were able to complete the distance
following treatment. Circulation improved in 75-82 percent of
patients. Y.B. Kirillov, et al., Magnetotherapy for Obliterative
Disease of the Vessels of the Legs, Vopr Kurortol Fizioter Lech
Fiz Kult, 3, 1992, .. 14-17.
- this placebo-controlled study
examined the effects of micromagnets in the treatment of periodontal
disease. Micromagnets were attached to the skin over areas of
inflammation for a period ranging from 1 to 8 days, with the
number of magnets used at once varying from 1 to 6. The course
of treatment lasted as long as 4 weeks. Results indicated that
patients receiving the micromagnet therapy experienced earlier
and more trouble-free recoveries following oral surgery, as well
as less pain relative to controls. V.E. Kriokshina, et al., Use
of Micromagnets in Stomatology, Magnitologiia, (1), 1991, . 17-20.
study examined the effects of adjunctive Diapulse electromagnetic
therapy on oral surgery recovery. Patients received the therapy
once per day beginning between 3 to 5 days prior to oral surgery.
Therapy was maintained until the point of hospital release. Results
found the therapy produced significant healing relative to controls,
which received conventional treatment only. L.C. Rhodes, The Adjunctive
Utilization of Diapulse Therapy Pulsed High Peak Power Electromagnetic
Energy) in Accelerating Tissue Healing in Oral Surgery, Q National
Dental Association, 40(1), 1981, . 4-11
study found that patients suffering from various oral diseases
experienced more rapid healing when treated with both conventional
therapies and 30 minutes per day of pulsed electromagnetic fields
(5 mT, 30 Hz), as opposed to conventional therapies alone. V.
Hillier-Kolarov & N. Pekaric-Nadj, PEMF Therapy as an Additional
Therapy for Oral deseases, European Bioelectromagnetics Association,
1st Congress, 23-25 January 1992, Brussels, Belgium.
Depression This review article examined the literature concerning
the use of transcranial magnetic stimulation in the treatment
of depression. Results showed the high-frequency, repetitive
transcranial magnetic stimulation treatment to be an effective,
side-effect free therapy for depression that may hold promise
for treating related psychiatric disorders as well. M.T. Kirkcaldie,
et al., Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation as Therapy for Depression
and Other Disorders," Aust N Z J Psychiatry, 31(2), April
1997, . 264-272. Noting that there is good reason to believe
the pineal gland is a magnetosensitive system and that application
of magnetic fields in experimental animals has a similar effect
to that of acute exposure to light with respect to melatonin
secretion, the authors propose that magnetic treatment could
be a beneficial new therapy for winter depression in humans.
R. Sandyk, et al., Magnetic Felds and Seasonality of Affective
Illness: Implications for Therapy, International Journal of Neurosci,
58(3-4), June 1991, . 261-267.
This review article
notes that transcranial magnetic stimulation has been shown to
elicit antidepressant effects, electically stimulating deep regions
of the brain. C. Haag, et al., Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation.
A Diagnostic Means from Neurology as Therapy in Psychiatry? Nervenarzt,
68(3), March 1997, . 274-278. In this theoretical paper, the
author argues that deep, low-rate transcranial magnetic stimulation
can produce therapeutic effects equivalent to those of electroconvulsive
therapy but without the dangerous side effects. T. Zyss, Will Electroconvulsive
Therapy Induce Seizures: Magnetic Brain Stimulation as Hypothesis
of a New Psychiatric Therapy, Psychiatr Pol, 26(6), November-December
study examined the effects of millimeter wave (MW) therapy as
a supplemental treatment in patients suffering from various types
of depression. MW therapy involved the use of a Yav'-1 apparatus
(5.6 mm wavelength, 53 GHz), and consisted of up to 60 minutes
of exposure per day, 2 to 3 times per week, for a total of as
many as 15 exposures. Results showed that combined MW/conventional
treatment produced a complete recovery in over 50 percent of
cases studied, a significant improvement in 41 percent, and some
improvement in 8 percent. Recovery rates among controls (conventional
treatment only) were 4, 48, and 41 percent, respectively. G.V.
Morozov, et al., Treatment of Neurotic Depression with a Help
of Extremely High Frequency Electromagnetic Radiation, Zh Nevropatol
Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova, 96(6),1996, . 28-31.
of this study led researchers to conclude that patients suffering
from major depression experienced a significant reduction of
depressive symptoms following treatment with transcranial magnetic
stimulation coupled with standard medication relative to patients
taking the medicine. This was true after just three TMS treatments.
Conca, et al., Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation: A Novel Antidepressive
Strategy? Neuropsychobiology, 34(4),1996, . 204-207.
- this study examined the effects
of conventional treatments combined with millimeter wave (MW)
therapy (54- to 70-GHz frequency, 8-15 daily exposures of 15-30
minutes each) on patients suffering from atopic dermatitis. Results
indicated that the MW therapy was well-tolerated all patients,
with the rash generally regressing after 7-8 exposures. Marked
recovery was seen among 78 percent of patients receiving the
combination treatments. Two-year follow-up showed a 23-percent
relapse rate among combination patients, compared to 54 percent
among ontrols. V.P. Adaskevich, Effectiveness of the Use of Millimeter-Range
Electromagnetic Radiation in Complex Treatment of Atopic Dermatitis
Patients,Millimetrovie Volni v Biologii I Meditcine, (3), 1994,
Diabetes - in this study, 320 diabetics received impulsed
magnetic field treatment while 100 diabetics (controls) received
conservative therapy alone. Results showed beneficial effects
with respect to vascular complications in 74 percent of the patients
receiving magnetotherapy combined with conservative methods,
compared to a 28-percent effectiveness rate among controls. I.B. Kirillovm, et al., Magentotherapy
in the Comprehensive Treatment of Vascular Complications of Diabetes
Mellitus, Klin Med, 74(5), 1996, . 39-41.
study involving 72 diabetics with purulent wounds found that
magnetic fields aided healing significantly. R.A. Kuliev &
R.F. Babaev, A Magnetic Field in the Combined Treatment of Suppurative
Wounds in Diabetes Mellitus, Vestn Khir Im I I Grek, 148(1),
January 1992, . 33-36.
Diseases of the
Larynx Results of this study found
that alternative magnetic field of sound frequency proved to
be an effective treatment in patients suffering from acute inflammatory
diseases of the larynx. D.I. Tarasov, et al., Effectiveness of
Local Magnetic Field of the Acoustic Frequency in the Treatment
of Patients with Acute Inflammatory Diseases of the Larynx,Vestn
Otorinolaringol, (6), November-December 1995, . 11-15.
Disease - this study examined the
effects of electromagnetic fields in the treatment of 5-year-old
children suffering from Duchenne-Erb disease. Children were exposed
to either UHF or DMW therapy for 8-12 minutes per day on alternating
days over a period of approximately 10 days. Following the electromagnetic
fields course, children received mud applications on the collar
area and injured extremity. Results showed that treatment decreased
contractures in shoulder and elbow joints, increased mobility
and muscle strength, and improved general function of the arm.
A.D. Burigina, et al., Electromagnetic Waves in Complex Therapy
of Children with Birth Trauma: Effects of Ultra-High-Frequency
Electric Fields on Central Hemodynamics and the Shoulder Plexus,
Vopr Kurortol Fizioter Lech Fiz Kult, (4),1992, 35-38.
Endometriosis - this study found that a combined treatment consisting
of magnetic-infrared-laser therapy (10-15 min/day ever other
day over a period of 10-14 exposures, then repeated in 2-3 months)
and conventional drug therapy proved highly effective in women
suffering from endometriosis. M. Damirov, et al., Magnetic-Infared-Laser
Therapeutic Apparatus (MILTA) in Treatment of Patients with Endometriosis,
Vrach, 12, 1994, . 17-19.
- results of this study found that
the administration of constant magnetic field in combination
with other treatment modalities led to significant beneficial
effects in patients suffering from acute endometritis following
abortion. V.M. Strugatskii,
et al., A Permanent Magnetic Field in the Combined Treatment
of Acute Endometritis After an Artificial Abortion, Vopr Kurortol
Fizioter Lech Fiz Kult, (6), November-December 1996, . 21-24.
Epilepsy - this article reports on the cases of three patients
with partial seizures who received treatment with external artificial
magnetic fields of low intensity. Such treatment led to a significant
attenuation of seizure frequency over a 10-14-month period. P.A.
Anninos, et al., Magnetic Stimulation in the Treatment of Partial
Seizures, International Journal of Neurosci, 60(3-4), October
1991, . 141-171.
results indicated that the administration of modulated electromagnetic
fields of 2-30 Hz suppressed epilepsy in rats. G.D. Antimonii
& R.A. Salamov, Action of a Modulated Electromagnetic Field
on Experimentally Induced Epileptiform Brain Activity in Rats,
Biull Eksp Biol Med, 89(2), February 1980, .
review article cites one study in particular in which results
showed that pretreatment with 30 minutes of exposure to a 75-mT
pole strength, DC-powered magnetic field significantly prevented
experimentally induced seizures in mice. M.J. McLean, et al.,
Therapeutic Efficacy of a Static Magnetic Device in Three Animal
Seizure Models: Summary of Experience, Second World Congress
Electricity and Magnetism in Biology and Medicine, 8-13 June
1997, Bologna, Italy.
placebo-controlled study examined the effects of 2-hour exposure
to weak magnetic fields (0.2-0.7 G, irregularly oscillating 0.026-0.067
Hz) produced 3 pairs of orthogonal Helmholtz coils on pain perception
in healthy subjects. Results showed that magnetic treatment significantly
reduced the perception of pain.
F. Sartucci, et al., Human Exposure to Oscillating Magnetic Fields
Produces Changes in Pain Perception and Pain-Related Somatosensory
Evoked Potentials, Second World Congress for Electricity and
Magnetism in Biology and Medicine, 8-13 June 1997, Bologna, Italy.
article reports on the case of a severe epileptic who experienced
a significant lessening of behavior disturbances and seizure
frequency following treatment with low-frequency, external artificial
magnetic fields. R. Sandyk & P.A. Anninos, Magnetic Fields
Alter the Circadian Periodicity of Seizures, International Journal
of Neurosci, 63(3-4), April 1992, . 265-274. Low-frequency, external
artificial magnetic field treatment was shown to significantly
reduce seizures in four adult epileptic cases. R. Sandyk &
P.A. Anninos, Attenuation of Epilepsy with Application of External
Magnetic Fields: A Case Report, International Journal of Neurosci,
September 1992, . 75-85.
General - results of this study indicated that the optimal
frequency of pulsed magnetic fields ranges between 10.0 and 25.0
Hz in the treatment of chronic inflammatory conditions of the
locomotor apparatus, ischemia of the blood vessels of the lower
extremities, dyspeptic syndrome, lactation mastitis, and other
diseases. Treatment proved best when the therapeutic cycle was
repeated after a 2-3 month period. L. Navratil, et al., Possible
Therapeutic Applications of Pulsed Magnetic Fields, Cas Lek Cesk,
132(19), October 11, 1993, . 590-594.
article reviews the use of magnetotherapy in Czechoslovakia.
Noting that this modality has been used for more than a decade,
the author states that magnetotherapy has been shown to be effective
in treating rheumatic diseases, sinusitis, enuresis, and ischemic
disorders of the lower extremities. Positive findings have also
been shown with respect to multiple sclerosis and degenerative
diseases of the retina. J. Jerabek, Pulsed Magnetotherapy in
Czechoslovakia--A Review, Rev Environ Health, 10(2), April-June
1994, . 127-134.
This review article
notes that pulse-type electromagnetic fields (PEMF) are the most
frequently used type of electromagnetic therapy. Another form
is pulsed radio frequency; PRF therapy generally includes daily
sessions of 30-minute exposure and is primarily used in cases
of pain and edema, with results being apparent quickly when the
therapy is effective. PEMF treatment is most successful when
used in bone healing, with results occurring over a longer period
A.A. Pilla, State of the Art in Electromagnetic Therapeutics:
Soft Tissue Applications, Second World Congress for Electricity
and Magnetism in Biology and Medicine, 8-13 June 1997, Bologna,
study examined the effects of electromagnetic fields administered
over a period of 10 days on 354 patients suffering from various
orthopedic conditions. Results showed the effects to be positive,
with the greatest benefit experienced among patients with acute
lesions. G. Annaratone, et al., Magnetotherapy in Clinical and
Ambulatory Practice, Minerva Med, 74(14-15), April 7, 1983, .
that beneficial effects of low-energy, time-varying magnetic
fields have been shown since the early 1970s, this review article
cites studies pointing to its success in the treatment of a wide
range of conditions. The best results for this modality obtained
in the area of bone healing. C.A. Bassett, Fundamental and Practical
Aspects of Therapeutic Uses of Pulsed Electromagnetic Fields
(PEMFs), Crit Rev Biomed Eng, 17(5), 1989, .451-529.
review article claims that over a quarter of a million patients
worldwide with chronically ununited fractures have experienced
beneficial results from treatment with pulsed electromagnetic
fields. In addition, the author cites studies pointing to the
treatment's efficacy with respect to other conditions such as
nerve regeneration; wound healing, graft behavior, diabetes,
heart attack, and stroke. C.A. Bassett, Beneficial Effects of
Electromagnetic Fields, Journal of Cell Biochem, 51(4), April
1993, p. 387-393.
review article notes that low-intensity millimeter waves have
been used for treating a wide variety of medical conditions in
the former Soviet Union since 1977, with more than a million
patients treated and more than a thousand treatment centers in
existence. This therapy has been approved for widespread use
the Russian Ministry of Health, and over 300 scientific publications
have described its effects. A typical course of treatment involves
10-15 daily exposures ranging from 15 to 60 minutes each. A.G.
Pakhomov, Millimeter Wave Medicine in Russia: A Review of Literature,
Infrared Lasers and Millimeter Waves Workshop: The Links Between
Microwaves and Laser Optics, January 21-22, 1997, Brooks Air
Force Base, Texas.
This study concluded
that the use of millimeter wave (MW) therapy was effective in
the treatment of both children and adults suffering from a variety
of orthopedic diseases, including osteochondrosis, arthrosis,
infantile cerebral paralysis, Perthes' disease, and inborn femur
dislocation. MW therapy made use of the G4-142 apparatus (55-65
GHz). Exposure was for 15-30 minutes in children or 30-60 minutes
in adults over a period of 10-12 total exposures. S.D. Schvchenko,
et al., Experience with Treating Some Orthopedic Diseases with
Millimeter Range Radiation of Nonthermal Intensity, Millimeter
Waves in Medicine and Biology. Digest of Papers of the 11th Russian
Symposium with International Participation, April 21-24, 1997,
Zvenigorod, Moscow Region, Russia, p. 33-35. 139. A.M.
research examined the effects of low-frequency pulsed electromagnetic
fields on patients suffering from a wide range of disorders,
including musculoskeletal disorders, neurological disorders,
circulatory diseases, traumatic disorders, gastroenterological
problems, and stress-related morbidity. Treatment made use of
the Rhumart apparatus, which produced waveforms with peak amplitudes
up to 30 G. Results, based on the patients' own subjective ratings,
indicated the treatment to be beneficial across most conditions,
with the strongest effects seen in those suffering from musculoskeletal
and traumatic disorders. Begue-Simon & R.A. Drolet, Clinical
Assessment of the Rhumart System based on the Use of Pulsed Electromagnetic
Fields with Low Frequency, International Journal of Rehabil Research,
16(4), 1993, p. 323-327.
review article summarizes findings presented at the Third Workshop
on the use of low-intensity millimeter waves in medicine, held
in Zvenigorod, Moscow Region, Russia. Such findings pointed to
the efficacy of MW therapy with respect to alcoholism and its
associated symptoms, gastric and duodenal ulcers, psoriasis,
chronic furunculosis, and cardiovascular diseases. Y.L. Arzumanov,
An Overview of the Third Workshop Use of Millimeter Waves in
Medicine, Millimetrovie Volni v Biologii i Meditcine, (3), 1994,
study examined the effects of magnetotherapy on patients suffering
from a variety of eye and brain vascular disorders. Treatment
made use of the Polius-1 apparatus (50 Hz), with most patients
receiving a course of 15-20 daily exposures. Results showed overall
general improvements in 95 percent of patients with eye diseases.
N. Gilinskaya & L.V. Zobina, Magnetic Field Application for
the Treatment of Vascular Diseases of the Brain and Eyes, in
Y.A. Kholodov & N.N. Lebedeva (eds.), Problems of Electromagnetic
Neurobiology, Moscow, Nauka, 1988, p. 94-98.
This review article
notes that low-frequency electromagnetic therapy has been used
for a variety of purposes. Those specifically identified the
author include cell growth promotion, pain reduction, improved
blood circulation, bone repair, increased wound healing, sedative
effects, enhanced sleep, and arthritic relief. R.A. Drolet, Rhumart Therapy:
A Non-invasive Cell Regeneration Ion and Anti-Inflammatory Therapy
Using LF-EM Fields, Bioelectromagnetics Society, 4th Annual Meeting,
28 June-2 July 1982, Los Angeles, CA, p. 45.
review article notes that treatment with an Infita apparatus,
used to deliver low-frequency magnetic fields, has been shown
to improve general hemodynamics and microcirculation in addition
to exhibiting anti-inflammatory, sedative, and analgesic effects
in Olympic-level Russian athletes. A. Zaslavskii, et al., A Low-frequency
Impulse Apparatus for Physical Therapy Infita, Med Tehk, 5, 1994,
review article cites studies pointing to the efficacy of low-frequency
magnetic fields in the treatment of a wide variety of conditions,
including burns, arthritis, fractures, arterial aneurysms, PMS,
phantom pain, tuberculosis, ischemic heart disease, hypertension,
bronchial asthma, and ulcerated varicose veins, among others.
V.M. Bogoliubov & L.A. Skurikhina, Therapeutic Application
of Constant and Low-Frequency Magnetic Fields, Vopr Kurortol
Fizioter Lech Fiz Kult, (2), 1979, p. 65-72.
study examined the effects of extremely-low-frequency magnetic
fields (TAMMAT device) in the treatment of a group of 650 patients
suffering from a host of various diseases. Treatment consisted
15-25 minute daily exposures 5 days per week over a total of
20-25 days. Most patients experienced improvements after 2-3
exposures. Marked improvements were seen with respect to analgesic,
anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor, and immune-enhancing effects.
V.I. Kovalchuk, et al., Use of Extremely-Low-Frequency Magnetic
Fields in Clinical Practice, Fizicheskaia Meditzina, 4(1-2),1994,
article reports on the efficacy of a Russian electromagnetic
stimulation apparatus termed - Cascade. The authors state that
data from 508 patients suffering from various ailments who were
treated with the device indicate it to be anywhere from 75 to
100 percent effective. Examples of conditions in which the device
was used include stubborn fractures, post-traumatic contractures,
crush syndrome, and Perthes' disease. S.A. Schastnyi, et al.,
A Contact-Free, Biologically Adequate Electromagnetic Stimulation
of Repair Regeneration of Osseous, Cartilaginous, and Muscular
Tissues in Children, Vestn Ross Akad Med Nauk, (3), 1994, p.
review article on the use of pulsed magnetotherapy in Czechoslovakia
points to its efficacy across a variety of conditions, including
joint problems, enuresis, multiple sclerosis, diabetes, and carpal
tunnel syndrome. J. Jerabek, Pulsed Magnetotherapy in Czechoslovakia:
A Review, First World Congress for Electricity and Magnetism
in Biology and Medicine, 14-19 June 1992, Lake Buena Vista, FL,
Glaucoma - in this study, patients with primary open-angle
glaucoma with compensated intraocular pressure were administered
magnetotherapy using an ATOS device with 33-mT magnetic field
induction. The procedure was administered to a patient in a sitting
posture with a magnetic inductor held before the eye. Sessions
lasted 10 minutes and each course included 10 sessions. Following
4-5 months of therapy, results showed improved vision acuity
0.16 diopters, on an average of 29 out of 30 eyes with vision
acuity below 1.0. Bisvas,
et al., Possibilities of Magnetotherapy in Stabilization of Visual
Function in Patients with Glaucoma, Vestn Oftalmol, 112(1), Jauary-March
1996, p. 6-8.
Hair Loss - this double-blind, placebo-controlled study examined
the effects of pulsed electromagnetic fields on hair loss in
men suffering from male pattern baldness. PEMF exposures were
administered to the head for 12 minutes and were given weekly
or twice weekly over a period of 36 weeks. Results found the
PEMF treatment both prevented hair loss and promoted regrowth
without side effects. W.S. Maddin, et al., The Biological Effects
of a Pulsed Electrostatic with Specific Reference to Hair: Electrotrichogenesis,
International Journal of Dermatology, 29(6), 1990, p. 446-450.
Headache - results of this double-blind, placebo-controlled
study demonstrated that the administration of a pulsed magnetic
field for less than one hour to headache patients produced significant
beneficial effects, as shown subjective patient reports, as well
as EEG activity. O. Grunner, et al., Cerebral Use of a Pulsating
Magnetic Field in Neuropsychiatry Patients with Long-term Headache,
EEG EMG Z Elektroenzephalogr Verwandte Geb, 16(4), December 1985,
article reports on the case of an acute migraine patient who
was successfully treated with external magnetic fields. This
article examined the effects of millimeter wave therapy in the
treatment of 107 patients suffering from headaches of varying
causes. Treatment consisted of the Nao-Hu, Bai-Huei, and Hua-Chai
acupuncture points being exposed to 5.6- and 4.9-mm wavelengths
via the use of Yav'-1-5.6 or Electronka-KVCh devices, respectively.
Exposure lasted up to 60 minutes per day over a course of 10
days. All patients experienced positive results following 3-5
exposures. After one year, 48 percent of patients remained free
of headaches, with a significant decrease in another 41 percent.
B.M. Popov & T.A. Al'shanskaya, Use ofTraditional and Non-traditional
Methods in the Treatment of Headache, Millimeter Waves in Medicine
and Biology. Digest of Papers of the 11th Russian Symposium with
International Participation, April 21-24, 1997, Zvenigorod, Moscow
Region, Russia, p. 68-71.
This study examined
the effects of pulsed electromagnetic fields (20 minutes per
day for 15 days) in the treatment of patients suffering from
chronic headaches. Results indicated the treatment to be most
effective in patients suffering from tension headaches, with
88 percent of such patients reporting positive results. Beneficial
results were also experienced patients suffering from migraines
(60 percent), cervical migraines (68 percent), and psychogenic
headaches (60 percent). A.
Prusinski, et al., Pulsating Electromagnetic Field in the Therapy
of Headache, Hungarian Symposium on Magnetotherapy, 2nd Symposium,
May 16-17, 1987, Szekesfehervar, Hungary, p. 163-166.
this study, 90 headache patients were treated with pulsating
electromagnetic fields via large coils to the body for 20 minutes
per day for a total of 15 days. Results found the treatment to
be either excellent or good for those patients suffering from
migraine, tension, and/or cervical headaches. Patients experiencing
post-traumatic or cluster headaches did not experience such benefits.
A. Prusinksi, et al., Pulsating Electromagnetic Field in the
Therapy of Headache, Journal of Bioelectr., 7(1),1988, p. 127-128.
of this study indicated that pulsating electromagnetic fields
(12 Hz and 5 mT) were an effective prophylactic treatment for
patients suffering from cervical and migraine headaches. J. Giczi
& A. Guseo, Treatment of Headache Pulsating Electromagnetic
Field a Preliminary Report, Hungarian Symposium on Magnetotherapy,
2nd Symposium, May 16-17, 1987, Szekesfehervar, Hungary, p. 74-76.
placebo-controlled, double-blind study examined the effects of
pulsed electromagnetic fields (2-5 Hz and flux densities of 3-4
mT) on patients suffering from migraine headaches. PEMFs were
administered to the head for 10-15 minutes per day over a period
of 30 days. Results showed a mean improvement level of 66 percent
in patients receiving the treatment, compared to just 23 percent
among controls. L. Lazar & A. Farago, Experiences of Patients
Suffering from Migraine-Type Headache Treated with Magnetotherapy,
Hungarian Symposium on Magnetotherapy, 2nd Symposium, May 16-17,
1987, Szekesfehervar, Hungary, p. 137-140.
- results of this study found that
the addition of magnetotherapy to the treatment of patients suffering
from ischemic heart disease and osteochondrosis led to clinical
improvements. I. Rodin, et al., Use of Low-Intensity Eddy Magnetic
Field in the Treatment of Patients with Skin Lymphomas, Voen
Med Zh, 317(12), 1996, . 32-34.
of this study involving 23 parasystolic children found that low-frequency
magnetic field exposure improved humoral and cellular processes
involved in the regulation of cardiac rhythm. M.A. Dudchenko,
et al., The Effect of Combined Treatment with the Use of Magnetotherapy
on the Systemic Hemodynamics of Patients with Ischemic Heart
Disease and Spinal Osteochondrosis, Lik Sprava, (5), May 1992,
The authors of this
study report on their development of a polymagnetic system called
Avrora-MK-01 used to administer impulse magnetic fields to diseases
of the leg vessels. Results indicated positive effects on peripheral
capillaries in 75-82 percent of patients receiving the treatment
at a pre-gangrene stage.
E.M. Vasil'eva, et al., The Effect of a Low-frequency Magnetic
Field on Erythrocyte Membrane Function and on the Prostanoid
Level in the Blood Plasma of Children with Parasystolic Arrhythmia,
Vopr Kurortol Fizioter Lech Fiz Kult, (2), March-April 1994,
of this study showed exposure to low-frequency alternating magnetic
fields had beneficial effects in children with primary arterial
hypertension, as seen in the attenuation of sympathetic and vagotonic
symptoms. Y.B. Kirillov, et al., Magnetotherapy in Obliterating
Vascular Diseases of the Lower Extremities, Vopr Kurortol Fizioter
Lech Fiz Kult, (3), May-June 1992, 14-17.
study demonstrated that traveling pulsed magnetic field and magnetic
laser treatment produced beneficial effects in patients suffering
from the initial stages of essential hypertension. V.S. Zadionchenko,
et al., Prognostic Criteria of the Efficacy of Magnetic and Magnetic-laser
Therapy in Patients with the Initial Stages of Hypertension,
Vopr Kurortol Fizioter Lech Fiz Kult, (1), January-February 1997,
this article, the authors propose a new approach to treating
atherosclerosis through the alteration of biophysical properties
both intracellularly and extracellularly. Citing their own preliminary
data, they suggest atherosclerotic lesions might be selectively
resolved without harming normal blood vessels allowing the lesions
to take up the magnetically excitable submicron particles and
then applying an external alternating electromagnetic field.
R.T. Gordon & D. Gordon, Selective Resolution of Plaques
and Treatment of Atherosclerosis Biophysical Alteration of Cellular
and Intracellular Properties, Medical Hypotheses, 7(2), February
1981, . 217-229.
study examined the effects of constant MKM2-1 magnets on essential
hypertension patients. Results indicated the treatment decreased
arterial pressure in stage II patients, with magnetotherapy being
shown to produce beneficial effects on the central hemodynamics
and microcirculation. S.G. Ivanov, et al., The Magnetotherapy
of Hypertension Patients, Ter Arkh, 62(9),1990, . 71-74.
Results from several
recent studies conducted the author are reviewed. Conclusions
are that pulsed electromagnetic fields exhibit protective effects
against necrosis from acute ischemia in rats, cerebral infarcts
in rabbits, and myocardium infarcts in rats. R. Cadossi, Protective
Effect of Electromagnetic Field Exposure on Acute Soft Tissue
Ischaemic Injury, Second World Congress for Electricity and Magnetism
in Biology and Medicine, 8-13 June 1997, Bologna, Italy.
study examined the effects of extremely high frequency electromagnetic
radiation (EHF EMR) in 93 patients suffering ischemic heart disease.
EHF treatment consisted of 10 to 15 exposures of the lower end
of the sternum from a Yav-1-7,1 device. Treatment was performed
five times weekly for a total of 30 minutes per day, with drug
therapy being maintained during this period. Positive results
tended to occur after 5 to 6 treatment sessions, with a good
or satisfactory response being reported in 82 of 93 patients,
and lasting as long as 11 months after hospital release. I.E.
Ganelina, et al., Electromagnetic Radiation of Extremely High
Frequencies in Complex Therapy for Severe Stenocardia, Millimetrovie
Volni v Biologii I Meditcine, (4), 1994, . 17-21.
review article concerning the clinical application of electromagnetic
fields notes that microwave therapy has been shown to improve
local circulation and vascular tone, increase the volume of functional
capillaries, lower hypertension, stimulate protein and carbohydrate
metabolism, stimulate the pituitary-adrenal system, produce anti-inflammatory
effects, and improve digestive organ function. Studies have shown
decimeter wave therapy capable of stimulating the secretory function
of the stomach, as well as blood circulation, respiratory function,
and the immune system. Side effects have been reported in both
human and animal studies. V.V. Orzeshkovskii, et al., Clinical
Application of Electromagnetic Fields, in I.G. Akoevs & V.V.
Tiazhelov, (eds.), Topics of Experimental and Applied Bioelectromagnetics.
A Collection of Research Papers, Puschcino, USSR, USSR Academy
of Sciences, Biological Sciences Research Center, 1983, . 139-147.
In this study, 30
myocardial infarction patients received millimeter-wave (MW)
therapy in the form of 10 exposures of 30 minutes per day, with
a 2-day interruption after the fifth exposure. Patients continued
conventional drug treatment during the MW therapy period. Better
results were seen in those patients exposed to the MW therapy
relative to an equal number of patients receiving conventional
N.N. Naumcheva, Effect of Millimeter Waves on Ischemic Heart
Disease Patients, Millimetrovie Volni v Biologii I Meditcine,
(3), 1994, . 62-67.
study examined the effects of millimeter wave therapy in approximately
450 patients suffering from a variety of diseases, including
those of the musculoskeletal, digestive, pulmonary, and nervous
systems. Treatment consisted of 25-30 minutes per day using the
Porog-1 apparatus and generally lasted for a period of up to
10 days. Results showed positive effects in over 87 percent of
the patients. A.P. Dovganiuk & A.A. Minenkov, The Use of
Physical Factors in Treating Chronic Arterial Insufficiency of
the Lower Limbs, Vopr Kurortol Fizioter Lech Fiz Kult, (5),1996,
of this study found that the use of magnetophore therapy (constant
magnets applied to adrenal regions 10 hours per day for 15 days)
significantly improved symptoms associated with hypertension
in about 35 percent of patients studied, with mild improvement
seen in 30 percent, and no improvement in 35 percent. Patients
receiving decimeter-band waves (460 MHz, field intensity of 35-45
W, for 10-15 minutes per day for a total of 15 days) experienced
similar results. V.V. Orzheshovski, et al., Efficacy of Decimeter-Band
Waves and Magnetophore Therapy in Patients with Hypertension,Vrach
Delo, (1), 1982, . 65-67.
of this placebo-controlled study demonstrated a 76-percent effectiveness
rate for running impulse magnetic field therapy in a group of
arterial hypertensive patients. Treatment consisted of two 25-minute
exposures per day over a period of 10-20 total exposures, at
frequencies of 10 or 100 Hz and magnetic field intensity of 3
or 10 mT. L.L.Orlov, et al., Indications for Using a New
Magnetotherapeutic Method in Arterial Hypertension, Soviet Medicine,
(8), 1991, . 23-24.
study examined the efficacy of the reinfusion of autologous blood
following magnetic field exposure in hypertensive patients. Positive
effects were found in 92 percent of patients receiving the treatment.
I.G. Alizade, et al., Magnetic Treatment of Autologous Blood
in the Combined Therapy of Hypertensive Patients, Vopr Kurortol
Fizioter Lech Fiz Kult, (1), 1994, . 32-33
placebo-controlled study examined the effects of magnetotherapy
in patients suffering from first-or second-stage hypertension.
A magnetic field of 50 Hz, 15-25 mT was applied to acupuncture
points He-Gu and Shen'-Men for 15-20 seconds per day for a total
of 9-10 days. Results: The treatment improved headaches in 88
percent of patients, dizziness in 89 percent, and irritability
in 88 percent. In general, 95 percent of hypertensive patients
experienced beneficial effects from the treatment, and the morbidity
rate decreased twofold following one course extended over a period
of 5-6 months.
E.V. Rolovlev, Treatment of Essential Hypertension Patients an
Alternating Magnetic Field Puncture, All-Union Symposium: Laser
and Magnetic Therapy in Experimental and Clinical Studies, June
16-18, 1993, Obninsk, Kaluga Region, Russia, . 221-223.
placebo-controlled study examined the effects of constant and
of running magnetic fields in patients suffering from stage II
hypertension. Results found that constant magnetic fields exhibited
benefits in 68 percent of patients treated, and running magnetic
fields were helpful in 78 percent. Only 30 percent of controls
showed improvement. Constant magnetic field treatment consisted
of constant magnets applied to the inner side of the wrist on
each hand for 35-40 minutes daily over a period of 7-10 days.
Running magnetic field treatment involved the use of a Alimp-1
apparatus for 20 minutes per day for a total of 12-15 days. S.G.
Ivanov, et al., Use of Magnetic Fields in the Treatment of Hypertensive
Disease, Vopr Kurortol Fizioter Lech Fiz Kult, (3),1993,
double-blind, placebo-controlled study found that magnetotherapy
was effective in the treatment of symptoms associated with stage
II hypertension, such as headache, dizziness, and cardiodynia.
The therapy consisted of permanent circular magnets (16 mT) applied
to the inner forearm for 30-45 minutes per day over a period
of 10 sessions. S.G. Ivanov, The Comparative Efficacy of Nondrug
and Drug Methods of Treating Hypertension, Ter Arkh, 65(1),1993,
controlled study examined the effects of magnetotherapy in patients
suffering from neurocirculatory hypotension (low blood pressure)
or hypertension (high blood pressure). Treatment consisted of
a running pulsed magnetic field generated an ALIMP device (0.5
mT, 300 Hz) administered for 20 minutes per day over a course
of 10 days. Patients suffering from hypotension did not benefit
significantly from the magnetotherapy. Hypertension patients,
however, showed a marked improvement with respect to symptoms
including headache, chest pain, extremity numbness, abnormal
systolic and diastolic blood pressure, and work capacity. L.L.
Orlov, et al., Effect of a Running Pulse Magnetic Field on Some
Humoral Indices and Physical Capacity in Patients with Neurocirculatory
Hypo- and Hypertension, Biofizika, 41(4),1996, . 944-948.
double-blind, placebo-controlled study found that low-frequency,
low-intensity electrostatic fields (40-62 Hz) administered for
12-14 minutes per day helped normalize blood pressure in patients
suffering from Hypertension. T.A. Kniazeva, The Efficacy of Low-Intensity
Exposures in Hypertension, Vopr Kurortol Fizioter Lech Fiz Kult,
1,1994, . 8-9.
study examined the effects of low-frequency alternating magnetic
fields in patients suffering from arteriosclerosis or osteoarthrosis
deformans. Treatment involved 10-15 minute daily leg exposures
over a total of 15 days. Results showed the treatment to be effective
in 80 percent of arteriosclerosis patients and 70 percent of
those with osteoarthrosis formans. A.G. Kakulia, The Use of Sonic
Band Magnetic Fields in Various Diseases, Vopr Kurortol Fizioter
Lech Fiz Kult, 3,1982, . 18-21.
study examined the effects of low-frequency magnetic fields (25
mT) in patientssuffering atherosclerotic encephalopathy. Treatment
involved 10-15 minute daily exposures over a total of 10-15 applications.
Results showed clinical improvements with respect to chest pain,
vertigo, headache, and other symptoms. S.S. Gabrielian, et al.,
Use of Low-Frequency Magnetic Fields in the Treatment of Patients
with Atherosclerotic Encephalopathy, Vopr Kurortol Fizioter Lech
Fiz Kult, 3,1987, . 36-39.
- in this study, hemophiliacs suffering
from joint hemorrhage received millimeter wave (MW) therapy at
biologically active points beginning on the first day of hospital
release. Adults were treated with an Electronica-KVCh device
(61 GHz, 5 mW maximum power) and children were treated with a
Porog device, which generates low-intensity wide-band MMW noise.
Exposures in both groups lasted for 20-25 minutes per day and
were extended over a period of 10 days. Results indicated the
treatment to be more effective than conventional therapy with
respect to alleviation of pain, need for medication, and other
parameters. V.V. Aleschenko & I.O. Pisanko, EHF-Therapy for
Hemophylic Arthropathy and Hemarthroses of the Knee Joint, Millimeter
Waves in Medicine and Biology. Digest of Papers of the 10th Russian
Symposium with International Participation, April 24-26, Moscow,
Russia, 1995, p. 61-63.
Hepatitis - this double-blind, placebo-controlled study
examined the effects of millimeter wave therapy combined with
conventional methods in the treatment of viral hepatitis in children.
Making use of a Yav-1-5,6 or Yav-1-7,7 device, MW therapy involved
14-15 exposures of, on average, 30 minutes per day at wavelengths
of either 5.6 or 7.1 mm. Results indicated the combined treatment
to be more effective than conventional treatment only, leading
to a more rapid restoration of liver function. A.A. Shul'diakov,
et al., Electromagnetic Radiation of Millimeter Range in Treatment
of Children with Acute Viral Hepatitis, Millimeter Waves in Medicine
and Biology, 10th Russian Symposium with International Participation,
April 24-26, 1995, Moscow, Russia, p. 21-23. Results of this
study showed that the use of magnetic fields was effective in
treating patients suffering from viral hepatitis who had previously
not benefited from conventional drug therapies. I.A. Il'inskii,
et al., Experience with the Use of Glucocorticosteroids and Magnetic
Fields in the Intensive Therapy of Severe Forms of Viral Hepatitis,
Soviet Medicine, 9,1978, p. 72-74. This study examined the effects
of magnetotherapy in children suffering from various forms of
viral hepatitis. Magnetotherapy consisted of alternating magnetic
fields applied to the liver area daily over a total of 10-15
days. Results indicated magnetotherapy led to more rapid and
trouble-free recovery. V.V. Krasnov & A.I. Shilenok, Magnetotherapy
of Hepatitis A and B in Children, Pediatriia, 10, 1991, p. 54-57.
Disk - this double-blind, placebo-controlled
study examined the effects of magnetotherapy in patients following
herniated disk surgery. Results showed that 52 percent of patients
receiving the treatment compared to 30 percent of controls reported
being free of symptoms at the time of hospital release. K. Perjes,
et al., Effect of Magnetotherapy on Recovery After Herniated
Disk Surgery, Hungarian Symposium on Magnetotherapy, 2nd Symposium,
May 16-17, 1987, Szekesfehervar, Hungary, p. 159-162.
- this double-blind study examined the effects of pulsed electromagnetic
fields on loosened hip prostheses. Results showed an increase
of bone density in all patients receiving PEMF treatment compared
to only 60 percent of controls. The authors argue such findings
suggest PEMF elicits early bone reconstruction, which enhances
early weight bearing. G. Gualtieri, et al., The Effect Pulsed
Electromagnetic Field Stimulation on Patients Treated of Hip
Revesions with Trans-Femoral Approach, Second World
Congress for Electricity and Magnetism in Biology and Medicine,
8-13 June 1997, Bologna, Italy. This study examined the effects
of pulsed electromagnetic fields (50 Hz, 50 G) in treating aseptic
loosening of total hip prostheses. PEMF therapy consisted
of 20 minutes per day for 6 days per week over a total of 20
such sessions and was begun, on average, a year and a half following
the start of loosening. Results showed PEMF to have some beneficial
effects with respect to loosened hip arthroplasties, although
it was not effective in patients suffering severe pain due to
extreme loosening. K. Konrad, Therapy with Pulsed Electromagnetic
Fields in Aseptic Loosening of Total Hip Protheses: A Prospective
Study, Clinical Rheumatology, 15(4), 1996, p. 325-328.
Joint Disease Results of this 11-year study involving 3014 patients
found pulsed magnetic field treatment at low frequencies and
intensities to be a highly effective, side-effect-free therapy
for joint disease. E. Riva Sanseverino, et al., Therapeutic Effects
of Pulsed Magnetic Fields on Joint Diseases, Panminerva Med,
34(4), October-December 1992, p.187-196.
Kidney Problems This review article notes that placebo-controlled
studies have shown positive results concerning the use of pulsed
magnetic field therapy in the treatment of secondary chronic
pyelonephritis. V.A. Kiyatkin, Pulsed Magnetic Field in Therapy
of Patients with Secondary Chronic Pyelonephritis, Second World
Congress for Electricity and Magnetism in Biology and Medicine,
8-13 June 1997, Bologna, Italy.
Lung Disease This study examined the effects of low-frequency
magnetic fields coupled with conventional therapies in rats suffering
from inflammatory lung disease. Results showed that rats receiving
the magnetic fields experienced significant reductions in lung
abscesses and associated symptoms, and similar beneficial effects
were seen among a group of 165 human patients receiving comparable
treatment. L.V. Iashchenko, Low-Frequency Magnetic Fields in
the Combined Therapy of Inflammatory Lung Diseases,. Probl Tuberk,
3, 1988, p. 53-56.
Lupus Erythematosus This review article examined the data concerning
impulsed magnetic fields in the treatment of lupus erythematosus.
Studies indicate that the treatment can be beneficial due to
its anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects, its positive action
on microcirculation, and immunological reactivity. I.V. Khamaganova,
et al., The Use of a Pulsed Magnetic Field in the Treatment of
Lupus Erythematosus, Ter Arkh, 67(10), 1995, p. 84-87. This double-blind,
placebo-controlled study examined the effects of UHF and microwave
therapy in treating patients suffering from systemic lupus. Twenty-six
patients were given 30-35 W of microwave irradiation administered
to the adrenal region. Twenty-five patients were given 30-35
W UHF administered bilaterally to the temporal region. The treatment
regimen for both groups included 18-20 daily sessions. A group
of 11 patients were used as controls. Results showed both treatments
to be effective, with 27 percent of microwave patients and 66
percent of UHF patients reporting total elimination of polyarthralgia,
myalgia, and painful contractures. V.D. Sidorov & S.B. Pershin,
Immunomodulating Effect of Microwaves and Ultrahigh Frequency
Electric Field in Patients with Systemic Lupus Erythmatosus,
Bioelectrochem Bioenerg, 30, 1993, p. 327-330. Results of this
study indicated that the bitemporal application of ultrahigh-frequency
electromagnetic fields to the hypothalamo-hypophyseal area daily
over a period of 18-20 days had beneficial effects in patients
suffering from systemic lupus erythematosus. V.D. Sidorov, et
al., The Immunomodulating Effect of Microwaves and of an Ultrahigh-Frequency
Electrical Field in Patients with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus,
Vopr Kurortol Fizioter Lech Fiz Kult, (4), 1991, p. 36-40.
Multiple Sclerosis This article reports on the case of a 55-year-old
female chronic progressive multiple sclerosis patient who received
a single external application of low
magnetic fields (7.5-picotesla; 5-Hz frequency) which lasted
20 minutes. The treatment quickly led to improvements in a variety
of areas, including fatigue, sleep, vision, bladder function,
movement and speech problems, and mood. R. Sandyk, Rapid Normalization
of Visual Evoked Potentials picoTesla Range Magnetic Fields in
Chronic Progressive Multiple Sclerosis, International Journal
of Neurosci, 77(3-4), August 1994, p. 243-259. This study reports
on four cases of multiple sclerosis who experienced improvements
in visuospatial and visuomotor functions following treatment
external application of low magnetic fields. R. Sandyk, Further
Observations on the Effects of External picoTesla Range Magnetic
Fields on Visual Memory and Visuospatial Functions in Multiple
Sclerosis, International Journal of Neurosc, 77(3-4), August
1994, 203-27 This article reports on the case of a 50-year-old
female chronic progressive multiple sclerosis patient who received
a single external application of low magnetic fields who experienced
significant improvements following the treatment. R. Sandyk,
Successful Treatment of Multiple Sclerosis with Magnetic Fields,
International Journal Neurosci, 66(3-4), October 1992, p. 237-250.
This article reports on the cases of three patients suffering
from long-time symptoms of multiple sclerosis who received treatment
with extra cerebral pulsed electromagnetic fields over a period
of between 6 and 18 months. Results showed all three patients
experienced significant improvements in cognitive functions.
R. Sandyk, Progressive Cognitive Improvement in Multiple Sclerosis
from Treatment with Electromagnetic Fields, International Journal
of Neurosci, 89(1-2), January 1997, p. 39-51. This is a report
on the cases of two chronic multiple sclerosis patients exhibiting
severe speech problems. Symptoms were completely resolved following
3-4 weeks of treatment with pulsed electromagnetic fields. R.
Sandyk, Resolution of Dysarthria in Multiple Sclerosis Treatment
with Weak Electromagnetic Fields, International Journal of Neurosci,
83(1-2), November 1995, p. 81-92. This article reports on the
cases of three multiple sclerosis patients suffering from alexia
(lack of understanding of written words) who experienced a reversal
of the alexia following the start of pico tesla-range electromagnetic
field treatment. R. Sandyk, Reversal of Alexia in Multiple Sclerosis
Weak Electromagnetic Fields, International Journal of Neurosci,
83(1-2),November 1995, p. 69-79. This article reports on the
case of a middle-aged disabled female patient with a 19-year
history of chronic relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis. Within
one day of receiving experimental treatment with picotesla electromagnetic
fields, the patient exhibited improvements in her condition.
The patient continued with 1-2 treatments per week over a period
of 32 months. During this time, significant improvements were
seen with respect to a range of physical symptoms, as well as
cognitive functions. R. Sandyk, Long Term Beneficial Effects
of Weak Electromagnetic Fields in Multiple Sclerosis, International
Journal of Neurosci, 83(1-2), November 1995, p. 45-57. The cases
of three female multiple sclerosis patients exhibiting suicidal
behavior are discussed in this article. Treatment with pulsed
pico tesla-level electromagnetic fields resolved the suicidal
behavior in all three patients, an improvement that was maintained
over a follow-up period of 3.5 years. R. Sandyk, Suicidal Behavior
is Attenuated in Patients with Multiple Sclerosis Treatment with
Electromagnetic Fields, International Journal of Neurosci, 87(1-2),
October 1996, p. 5-15. This article reports on the case of a
36-year-old man severely disabled with partial paralysis and
lack of coordination. Three treatment sessions per week with
pulsed electromagnetic fields over a period of one year led to
a range of improvements, including improvements in gait, balance,
bowel and bladder functions, vision, mood, and sleep. No progression
of symptoms associated with multiple sclerosis was seen throughout
the course of EMF treatment. R. Sandyk, Treatment with Electromagnetic
Field Alters the Clinical Course of Chronic Progressive Multiple
Sclerosis--A Case Report, International Journal
of Neurosci, 88(1-2), November 1996, p. 75-82. This article reports
on the cases of two multiple sclerosis patients suffering from
chronic ataxia who performed poorly on human figure drawing tests
administered to measure body image perception. Treatment with
extracerebral applications of picotesla flux electromagnetic
fields led to improvements in gait and balance as well as a normalization
in body image perception as seen on a repeat of the same test
each patient. R. Sandyk, Effect of Weak Electromagnetic Fields
on Body Image Perception in Patients with Multiple Sclerosis,
International Journal of Neurosci, 86(1-2), July 1996, p. 79-85.
This article reports on the case of a 51-year-old female patient
with remitting-progressive multiple sclerosis who experienced
a successful reduction in carbohydrate craving believed to be
associated with the exacerbation of her condition following treatment
with a series of extra cranial AC pulsed applications of pico
tesla flux intensity electromagnetic fields. R. Sandyk, Treatment
with Weak Electromagnetic Fields Attenuates Carbohydrate Craving
in a Patients with Multiple Sclerosis, International Journal
Neurosci, 86(1-2), July 1996, p. 67-77. This article reports
on the cases of three multiple sclerosis patients suffering from
a chronic progressive course of the disease who experienced a
reduction in tremors following treatment with brief external
applications of pulsed EMFs of 7.5-pT intensity. R. Sandyk &
L.C. Dann, Weak Electromagnetic Fields Attenuate Tremor in Multiple
Sclerosis, International Journal of Neurosci, 79(3-4), December
1994, p. 199-212. This article reports on the cases of three
female chronic multiple sclerosis patients who experienced a
reversal of cognitive deficits following treatment with brief
external applications of alternating pulsed electromagnetic fields
in the picotesla range of intensity. R. Sandyk, Reversal of Visuospatial
Hemi-inattention in Patients with Chronic Progressive Multiple
Sclerosis Treatment with Weak Electromagnetic Fields, International
Journal of Neurosci, 79(3-4),
December 1994, p. 169-184. This article reports on the cases
of three female multiple sclerosis patients with poor word fluency
who experienced a 100-percent increase in word output following
4-5 sessions of treatment with external applications of extremely
weak electromagnetic fields in the pico tesla range of intensity.
R. Sandyk, Improvement in Word-fluency Performance in Patients
with Multiple Sclerosis Electromagnetic Fields, International
Journal Neurosci, 79(1-2), November 1994, p.75-90. This article
reports on the case of a 58-year-old male multiple sclerosis
patient with a 37-year history of the disease. Treatment with
external application of
magnetic fields in the pico tesla range led to a speedy improvement
of neurological symptoms in the areas of walking, balance, sensory
symptoms, and bladder function. Improvements in numerous cognitive
functions were seen within 24 hours of treatment as well. R.
Sandyk & R.P. Iacono, Improvement PicoTesla Range Magnetic
Fields of Perceptual-motor Performance and Visual Memory in a
Patient with Chronic Progressive Multiple Sclerosis,International
Journal of Neurosci, 78(1-2),
September 1994, p. 53-66. This article reports on the case of
a 36-year-old multiple sclerosis patient who experienced immediate
improvements in visuoperceptive functions following treatment
with external application of pico tesla-range magnetic fields.
R. Sandyk & R.P. Iacono, Multiple Sclerosis: Improvement
of Visuoperceptive Functions PicoTesla Range Magnetic Fields,
International Journal of Neurosci, 74(1-4), January-February
1994, p. 177-189. This article reports on the cases of three
multiple sclerosis patients suffering from falls due to rapid
deterioration in balance and triggered distracting external auditory
stimuli. Treatment with a series of extra cranially applied,
low-frequency picotesla-range intensity electromagnetic fields
quickly resolved such symptoms associated with a loss of balance.
R. Sandyk, Application of Weak Electromagnetic Fields Facilitates
Sensory-motor Integration in Patients with Multiple Sclerosis,
International Journal of Neurosci, 85(1-2), March 1996, p. 101-110.
This article reports on the cases of three multiple sclerosis
patients experiencing continuous and debilitating daily fatigue
over the course of several years. Treatment with extracranially
applied picotesla flux electromagnetic fields dramatically improved
symptoms of fatigue in all three patients. R. Sandyk, Treatment
with Weak Electromagnetic Fields Improves Fatigue Associated
with Multiple Sclerosis, International Journal of Neurosci, 84(1-4),
February 1996, p. 177-186. This article reports on the cases
of two female patients with chronic progressive-stage multiple
sclerosis who suffered from regular worsening of their symptoms
starting approximately a week prior to menstruation and abating
at menstruation onset. Such symptoms were resolved in both patients
two months following the start of treatment with the extracranial
application of weak electromagnetic fields. R. Sandyk, Premenstrual
Exacerbation of Symptoms in Multiple Sclerosis is Attenuated
Treatment with Weak Electromagnetic Fields, International Journal
of Neurosci, 83(3-4), December 1995, p. 187-198. This article
reports on the case of a 64-year-old female patient with a 22-year
history of chronic progressive multiple sclerosis. Two 30-minute
treatments with low-level electromagnetic fields produced a marked
improvement in a variety of symptoms. R. Sandyk R.P. Iacono,
Resolution of Longstanding Symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis Application
of PicoTesla Range Magnetic Fields, International Journal of
Neurosci, 70(3-4), June 1993, p. 255-269. Results of this double-blind,
placebo-controlled study found that pulsed electromagnetic fields
administered daily over a period of 15 days proved to be an effective
treatment in reducing spasticity and incontinence associated
with multiple sclerosis. A. Guseo, Double-Blind Treatments with
Pulsating Electromagnetic Field in Multiple Sclerosis, Hungarian
Symposium on Magnetotherapy, 2nd Symposium, May 16-17, 1987,
Szekesfehervar, Hungary, p. 85-89. Results of this double-blind,
placebo-controlled study indicated that pulsed electromagnetic
fields administered daily over a period of 15 days is a generally
effective treatment in reducing symptoms associated with multiple
sclerosis, with the most positive improvements involving the
alleviation of spasticity and pain. A. Guseo, Pulsing Electromagnetic
Field Therapy of Multiple Sclerosis the Gyuling-Bordacs Device:
Double-Blind, Cross-Over and Open Studies, Journal of Bioelectr.,
6(1), 1987, p. 23-35. Results of this double-blind, placebo-controlled
study indicated that exposure to magnetic fields produced beneficial
clinical effects in patients suffering from cerebral paralysis
and in patients with multiple sclerosis. A. Sieron, The Variable
Magnetic Fields in the Complex Treatment of Neurological Diseases,
European Bioelectromagnetics Association, 3rd International Congress,
29 February - 3 March 1996, Nancy, France.
Injury This study
examined the effects of pulsed electromagnetic fields on recovery
following muscle injury in rats. Results showed that both pulsed
and constant magnetic fields were equally effective, with the
constant field being more intense. I.E. Detlav, The Influence
of Constant and Pulsed Electromagnetic Fields on Oxidation Processes
in Muscle, in I.E. Detlav, (ed.), Electromagnetic Therapy of
Injuries and Diseases of the Support-Motor Apparatus. International
Collection of Papers, Riga, Latvia: Riga Medical Institute, 1987,
p. 12-16. This study examined the effects of pulsed electromagnetic
fields (Gyuling-Bordacs device) in patients suffering from peripheral
muscle paralysis. Treatment consisted of 20-minute exposures
(2-50 Hz, 70 G). Results showed 50-Hz pulsed electromagnetic
fields to be the most effective level of treatment and that such
therapy enhanced muscle irritability in peripheral paralysis
patients as well as in healthy controls. L. Mecseki, The Study
of the Efficacy of Magnetotherapy in Peripheral Paralysis, Hungarian
Symposium on Magnetotherapy, 2nd Symposium, 16-17, May 1987,
Szekesfehervar, Hungary, p. 149-158.
Neck Pain This double-blind, placebo-controlled study examined
the effects of low-energy pulsed electromagnetic fields administered
via soft collars on patients suffering from persistent neck pain.
Results indicated significantly beneficial effects following
three weeks of treatment. D. Foley-Nolan, Low Energy High Frequency
(27.12 MHZ) Therapy for Persistent Neck Pain. Double Blind Placebo
Controlled Trial, Bioelectromagnetics Society, 12th Annual, June
10-14, 1990, San Antonia, TX, p. 73.
Nerve Damage This controlled study found that exposure to pulsed
electromagnetic fields enhanced the speed and degree of peripheral
nerve regeneration twofold in rats with experimentally severed
sciatic nerves. H. Ito C.A. Bassett, Effect of Weak, Pulsing
Electromagnetic Fields on Neural Regeneration in the Rat, Clin
Orthop, (181), December 1983, p. 283-290. Results of this controlled
study demonstrated that treatment with 15 minutes per day of
pulsed electromagnetic fieldsenhanced recovery time of experimentally-injured
nerves in rats. A.R. Raji R.E. Bowden, Effects of High-peak Pulsed
Electromagnetic Field on the Degeneration and Regeneration of
the Common Peroneal Nerve in Rats, Journal of Bone Joint Surg,
65(4), August 1983, p. 478-492. Results of this study indicated
that the use of pulsed electromagnetic fields on experimentally
divided and sutured nerves in rats sped up regeneration of damaged
nerves and the time ittook for limb use to be recovered. A.M.
Raji, An Experimental Study of the Effects of Pulsed Electromagnetic
Field (Diapulse) on Nerve Repair, Journal of Hand Surg, 9(2),
June 1984, p. 105-112. This study examined the effects of a Soviet
Polyus-1 low-frequency magnet therapy device used to administer
approximately 10 mT for approximately 10 minutes in patients
with optic nerve atrophy. Patients underwent 10-15 sessions per
course. Results showed that vision acuity in patients with low
acuity values (below 0.04 diopters) improved in 50 percent of
cases. It was also found that the treatment improved ocular blood
flow in cases of optic nerve atrophy. Optimal benefits were experienced
after 10 therapy sessions. L.V. Zobina, Effectiveness of Magnetotherapy
in Optic Nerve Atrophy. A Preliminary Study, Vestn Oftalmol,
106(5), September-October 1990, p. 54-57.
Disorders This article summarizes
clinical results obtained the authors in using pulsed electromagnetic
fields (Gyuling-Bordacs device) in the treatment of neurological
and locomotor disorders among a group of 148 patients in a hospital
setting over a period of 3 years. The authors claim that 58-80
percent of such patients experienced benefits of some kind over
the course of magnetotherapy. G. Terlaki, Clinical Experiences
Magnetotherapy, Hungarian Symposium on Magnetotherapy, 2nd Symposium,
16-17 May 1987, Szekesfehervar, Hungary, p. 175-179. This study
examined the effects of magnetotherapy on patients suffering
from nervous system diseases. Treatment consisted of 10-12 6-minute
exposures (10-20 kG, 0.1-0.6 Hz). Results indicated beneficial
effects in 25 of the 27 patients receiving the treatment. A.A.
Skorometz, Magnetic Impulse Therapy of Patients with Spondylogenic
Diseases of the Nervous System, Fizicheskaia Meditzina, 3(1-2),
1993, p. 41-43. Results of this study found that the use of magnetic
fields (30-35 mT, 10 and 100 Hz) produced beneficial effects
in 93 percent of patients suffering from nerve problems. A.G.
Shiman, Use of Combined Methods of agnetoelectrotherapy in the
Treatment for Polineuropathies, Vopr Kurortol Fizioter Lech Fiz
Kult, (5), 1993, p, 38-41.
Osteoarthritis Results of this double-blind, placebo-controlled
study indicated that exposure to pulsed electromagnetic fields
had beneficial effects in the treatment of patients suffering
from painful osteo arthritis of the knee or cervical spine. PEMF
therapy consisted of 18 exposures lasting 30 minutes and administered
3-5 times per week. D.H. Trock, The Effect of Pulsed Electromagnetic
Fields in the Treatment of Osteoarthritis of the Knee and Cervical
Spine. Report of Randomized, Double Blind, Placebo Controlled
Trials, Journal of Rheumatology, 21(10), 1994, p. 1903-1911.
This double-blind, placebo-controlled study indicated that treatment
with pulsed electromagnetic fields produced significant favorable
effects in patients suffering from osteoarthritis. D.H. Trock,
Treatment of Osteoarthritis with Pulsed Electromagnetic Fields,
Bioelectric Repair and Growth Society, Vol. XIII, 13th Annual
October 1993, Dana Point, CA, p. 14. This double-blind, placebo-controlled
study showed that treatment with pulsed electromagnetic fields
yielded significant benefits in patients suffering from osteoarthritis
of the knee or cervical spine. PEMF therapy (25 G, 5-24 Hz) consisted
of 18 30-minute exposures over a period of 3-4 weeks. A.J. Bollet,
Treatment of Osteoarthritis with Pulsed Electromagnetic Fields,
European Bioelectromagnetics Association, 2nd Congress, 9-11
December 1993, Bled Slovenia, p. 46. This controlled study examined
the effects of changeable magnetic fields (Polus-101 device)
coupled with more conventional therapies in the treatment of
patients suffering from osteoarthrosis. Magnetic therapy consisted
of daily 20 minute exposures for a total of 12 sessions. Results
showed more rapid improvements of immunological indices and alleviation
of symptoms associated with the disease among patients receiving
the combination therapy compared to those treated only conventionally.
L. Yurkiv, The Use of Changeable Magnetic Field in Treatment
of Osteoarthrosis, European Bioelectromagnetics Association,
3rd International Congress, 29 February-3 March 1996, Nancy France.
Osteochondrosis This study examined the effects of alternating
magnetic fields (50 Hz, 10-50 mT) combined with conservative
therapy in patients suffering from spinal osteochondrosis. Treatment
consisted of 20-minute exposures over a total of 20-25 such exposures
per course. Results showed clinical benefits in 95 percent of
patients receiving the combination treatment compared to just
30 percent among controls. L.L. Butenko, The Use of Alternating
Magnetic Fields in Spinal Osteochondrosis, Mechanisms of Biological
Action of Electromagnetic Fields, 27-31 October 1987, Pushchino,
USSR, USSR Academy of
Sciences, Research Center for Biological Studies, Inst. of Biological
Physics, Coordination Council of Comecon Countries and Yugoslavia
for Research in the Fields of Biological Physics, p. 183.
Osteonecrosis This pilot study found that the use of pulsed
electromagnetic fields produced beneficial effects in patients
suffering from osteonecrosis of the femoral head. N.S. Eftekhar,
Osteonecrosis of the Femoral Head Treated Pulsed Electromagnetic
Fields (PEMFs): A Preliminary Report, 1983, p. 306-330. This
study examined the use of pulsed electromagnetic fields in the
treatment of osteonecrosis. Compared to published findings concerning
surgical treatment, results showed PEMF therapy to be superior
in producing improvement. M. Hinsenkamp, Preliminary Results
in Electromagnetic Field Treatment of Osteonecrosis, Bioelectrochem
Bioenerg.30, 1993, p. 229-236.
Osteoporosis This study examined the effects of pulsed electromagnetic
fields on postmenopausal osteoporosis in 10-month-old female
rats. Results showed that EMF treatment for one hour per day
for 4 months with a 30-gauss maximum pulse reduced bone mass
loss to within 10 percent,while a 70-gauss maximum pulse reduced
bone mass loss entirely. M. Hinsenkamp, Preliminary Results in
Electromagnetic Field Treatment of Osteonecrosis, Bioelectrochem
Bioenerg.30, 1993, p. 229-236. This study examined the effects
of long-term pulsing electromagnetic fields in the form of repetitive
pulse burst waves over a period of 6 months in osteoporotic rats.
Results showed increased bone volume and formation activity.
S. Mishima, The Effect of Long-term Pulsing Electromagnetic Field
Stimulation on Experimental Osteoporosis of Rats, Sangyo Ika
Daigaku Zasshi, 10(1), March 1, 1988, p. 31-45. This study examined
the effects of a 72-Hz pulsating electromagnetic field administered
for 10 hours per day over a period of 12 weeks on bone density
in women prone to osteoporosis. Results found significant increases
in bone mineral density in the area of EMF exposure. F. Tabrah,
Bone Density Changes in Osteoporosis-prone Women Exposed to Pulsed
Electromagnetic Fields (PEMFs), Journal of Bone Miner Res, 5(5),
May 1990, p. 437-442. In this study, osteoporosis patients received
treatment with pulsed electromagnetic fields (50 G, 50-100 Hz)
for 30 minutes per session over a period of two years involving
20 sessions. These subjects were compared to similar patients
treated with calcitonin. Results indicated PEMF to be effective
in reducing pain, and to be even more so when combined with the
conventional drug treatment. T.W. Bilotta, The Use of Low-Frequency
Low Magnitude PEMFs in Treatment of Osteoporosis, Journal of
Bioelectr, 8(2), 1989, p. 316. This controlled study examined
the effects of pulsed electromagnetic fields in women suffering
from postmenopausal osteoporosis. Treatment consisted of daily
30-minute exposures for 20 days every six months. Results showed
that PEMF treatment combined with 100 IU per day of nasal spray
synthetic salmon calcitonin arrested bone decrease and significantly
increased bone mass relative to patients receiving drug therapy
alone. T.W. Bilotta, Influence of Pulsed Electromagnetic Fields
on Post-Menopausal Osteoporosis, First World Congress for Electricity
and Magnetism in Biology and Medicine, 14-19 June 1992, Lake
Buena Vista, FL, p. 78. Results of this study found the use of
total-body low-frequency magnetic fields (60 G, 50-100 Hz) to
be effective in the treatment of patients suffering from osteoporosis-related
symptoms. Treatment consisted of a total of 15 exposures of 30
minutes each. G. Saveriano S. Ricci,Treatment of Senile Osteoporosis
Caused Rachialgia with Low-Frequency PEMFs, Journal of Bioelectr,
8(2), 1989, p. 321.
Otitis Externa This study examined the effects synchronizing
pulse waves in the impaired area when treating patients suffering
from acute diffuse otitis externa with low-level magnetic fields
in combination with conventional therapies. Patients were divided
into three groups. The first received ultrahigh-frequency or
very-high-frequency electromagnetic waves. The second received
15-minute daily exposures to 50-Hz alternating or pulsating 20-mT
magnetic fields. The third group of patients were treated switching
on the same magnetic fields only during propagation of the pulse
wave through the ear vessels. Results showed a 100 percent recovery
rate in patients across all three groups, with recovery taking
the least amount of time among those in group 3. V.V. Sunstov,
Treatment of Acute Diffuse Otitis Externa Low-Frequency Magnetic
Fields, Vestn Otorinolaringol, 6,1991, p. 35-38.
Pancreatitis This study found that sinusoidal and continuous
low-frequency alternating magnetic field generated a Polius-1
apparatus exhibited beneficial effects in patients suffering
from chronic pancreatitis. A.A. Fedorov, The Use of a Low-frequency
Magnetic Field in the Combined Therapy of Chronic Pancreatitis,
Vopr Kurortol Fizioter Lech Fiz Kult, (5),
September-October 1990, p. 28-30. This controlled study examined
the effects of combining pulsed electric stimulation and laser
light with conventional treatment in patients suffering from
acute pancreatitis. Results showed the combined therapy to have
the most significant effects in patients with severe forms of
the disease. O.G. Savina, A Low-Frequency Pulsed Current and
a Low-Intensity Laser Radiation in the Treatment of Acute Pancreatitis,Vopr
Kurortol Fizioter Lech Fiz Kult, (2), 1995, p. 39-40.
Disease This article reports on
the case of a 73-year-old male Parkinson's patients suffering
from disabling resting and postural tremors in the right hand,
as well as other symptoms. Two successive 20-minute treatments
with AC pulsed electromagnetic fields of 7.5-picotesla intensity
and 5-Hz frequency sinusoidal wave led to improvements in visuospatial
performance and a legible signature. Significant improvements
in Parkinsonian motor symptoms were also seen following additional
treatments. R. Sandyk, Brief Communication: Electromagnetic Fields
Improve Visuospatial Performance and Reverse Agraphia in a Parkinsonian
Patient, International Journal of Neurosci, 87(3-4), November
1996, p. 209-217 This article reports on the case of a medicated
61-year-old Parkinson's patient who experienced rapid reversal
of symptoms following a single external application of picotesla-range
magnetic fields. R. Sandyk R.P. Iacono, Reversal of Visual Neglect
in Parkinson's Disease Treatment with pico-Tesla Range Magnetic
Fields, International Journal of Neurosci, 73(1-2), November
1993, p. 93-107. This article reports on four Parkinson's patients
whoexperienced significant improvement in symptoms following
treatment with picotesla-range magnetic fields. Two additional
patients suffering from Parkinson's-related dementia experienced
significant improvements in visuospatial impairment. R. Sandyk,
Magnetic Fields in the Therapy of Parkinsonism, International
Journal of Neurosci, 66(3-4), October 1992, p. 209-235. Noting
that transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is a new and noninvasive
method of direct cortical neuron stimulation, this review article
discusses recent studies showing that TMS has led to improvements
in symptoms associated with Parkinson's disease and depression.
M.S. George, et al., Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation: A Neuropsychiatric
Tool for the 21st Century, Journal of Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci,
Fall 1996, p. 373-382. Results of this study showed that the
application of ELF magnetic fields via a plastic helmet device
housing a set of coils (generating fields of 8 Hz and 7.5 pT)
produced beneficial clinical effects after 30 minutes in patients
suffering Parkinson's disease and multiple sclerosis. J. Bardasano,
Extracranial Device for Noninvasive Neurological Treatments with
Pulsating ELF Magnetic Fields, Second World Congress for Electricity
and Magnetism in Biology and Medicine, 8-13 June 1997, Bologna,
Italy. This article reports on the cases of two Parkinson's patients
who experienced improvements in motor symptoms following treatment
with external application of weak electromagnetic fields in the
pico-tesla range. R.Sandyk,Parkinsonian Micrographia Reversed
Treatment with Weak Electromagnetic Fields, International Journal
of Neurosci, 81(1-2), March 1995, p. 83-93. This article reports
on the cases of three Parkinson's patients on full medication
who exhibited an improvement in right hemispheric functions following
series of treatments with external application of electromagnetic
fields in the picotesla range. R. Sandyk, Improvement in Short-term
Visual Memory Weak Electromagnetic Fields in Parkinson's Disease,
International Journal of Neurosci, 81(1-2),
March 1995, p. 67-82. This article reports on the case of a nonmedicated
49-year-old male Parkinson's patient who experienced a dramatic
improvement in motor, depressive, and cognitive symptoms following
treatment with brief extracranial applications of picotesla-range
electromagnetic fields. R. Sandyk, A Drug Naive Parkinsonian
Patient Successfully Treated with Weak Electromagnetic Fields,
International Journal of Neurosci, 79(1-2), November 1994, p.
99-110. This article reports on the case of a 61-year-old Parkinson's
patient who experienced improvements in the severity of motor
problems 30 minutes after treatment with external application
of weak electromagnetic fields in the picotesla range. Sham treatment
had no such effects in the same patient. R. Sandyk R.P. Iacono,
Reversal of Micrographia in Parkinson's Disease Application of
picoTesla Range Magnetic Fields, International Journal of Neurosci
77(1-2), July 1994, p. 77-84. This article reports on the cases
of five Parkinsonian patients on full medication who experienced
a marked improvement in performance on Thurstone's Word-Fluency
Test following treatment with a series of extremely-low-intensity
electromagnetic fields in the picotesla range and of 5-8 Hz frequency.
R. Sandyk, Improvement in Word-fluency Performance in Parkinson's
Disease Administration of Electromagnetic Fields, International
Journal of Neuroscience, 77(1-2), July 1994, p. 23-46. This article
reports on the case of a 69-year-old Parkinsonian patient who
was able to discontinue most medication for two weeks following
two treatment sessions with extracranial picotesla-range magnetic
fields. Symptoms recurred after three weeks and the patient received
four more magnetic field sessions on consecutive days after four
weeks. The patient was then able to discontinue medications completely.
R. Sandyk, Treatment of Parkinson's Disease with Magnetic Fields
Reduces the Requirement for Antiparkinsonian Medications, International
Journal of Neurosci, 74(1-4), January-February 1994, p. 191-201.
This article reports on the cases of five medicated Parkinsonian
patients who experienced improvements in motor, behavioral, and
autonomic functions, and in visuoconstructional tasks following
treatment with extracranial application of magnetic fields in
the picotesla range. R. Sandyk, Reversal of a Visuoconstructional
Deficit in Parkinson's Disease Application of External Magnetic
Fields: A Report of Five Cases, International Journal of Neurosci,
75(3-4), April 1994, p. 213-228. This article reports on the
cases of three medicated Parkinsonian patients who experienced
relief from disabling periods of freezing gait following treatment
with extracerebral applications of pulsed electromagnetic fields
in the picotesla range. R. Sandyk, Freezing of Gait in Parkinson's
Disease is Improved Treatment with Weak Electromagnetic Fields,
International Journal of Neurosci, 85(1-2), March 1996, p. 111-124.
The cases of four nondemented Parkinsonian patients under full
medication are discussed in this article. These patients performed
poorly on human figure drawing tests administered to measure
body image perception. Treatment with extracerebral applications
of picotesla-range intensity electromagnetic fields led to marked
improvements in body image perception as seen on a repeat of
the same test each patient. R. Sandyk, Improvement of Body Image
Perception in Parkinson's Disease Treatment with Weak Electromagnetic
Fields, International Journal of Neurosci, 82(3-4), June 1995,
p. 269-283. This article reports on the cases of four medicated
Parkinsonian patients who experienced reversal of visuospatial
impairments as measured the Clock Drawing Test following treatment
with externally applied weak electromagnetic fields of picotesla-range
intensity. R. Sandyk, Reversal of Visuospatial Deficiton the
Clock Drawing Test in Parkinson's Disease Treatment with Weak
Electromagnetic Fields, International Journal of Neurosci, 82(3-4),
June 1995, p. 255-268. This article reports on the case of a
68-year-old male patient suffering from Parkinson's disease over
a period of 7 years. The patient had experienced little relief
from traditional medical therapy. Treatment with external application
of picotesla-range magnetic fields led to quick improvements
with respect to tremor and foot dystonia, gait, postural reflexes,
mood, anxiety, and cognitive and autonomic functions. R. Sandyk
K. Derpapas, The Effects of External picoTesla Range Magnetic
Fields on the EEG in Parkinson's Disease, International Journal
of Neurosci, 70(1-2), May 1993, p. 85-96. This article reports
on the cases of four Parkinsonian patients who exhibited significant
improvements in motor symptoms following treatment with externally
applied magnetic fields of picotesla-range intensity. R. Sandyk
K. Derpapas, Further Observations on the Unique Efficacy of PicoTesla
Range Magnetic Fields in Parkinson's Disease, International Journal
of Neurosci, 69(1-4), March-April 1993, p. 67-83 This article
reports on two cases of fully medicated Parkinson's patients
who experienced enhanced visuoperceptive functions as measured
numerous drawing tests following extracranial treatment with
picotesla-range magnetic fields. R. Sandyk R.P. Iacono, Rapid
Improvement of Visuoperceptive Functions picoTesla Range Magnetic
Fields in Patients with Parkinson's Disease, International Journal
of Neurosci, 70(3-4), June 1993, p. 233-254. This article reports
on the case of a 69-year-old Parkinsonian patient on full medication
who experienced a marked improvement on several different drawing
tests following 30 minutes of treatment with picotesla-range
magnetic fields. R. Sandyk, The Effects of PicoTesla Range Magnetic
Fields on Perceptual Organization and Visual Memory in Parkinsonism,
International Journal of Neurosci, 73(3-4), December 1993, p.
207-219 This article reports on the case of a Parkinson's patient
suffering from severe movement problems who received treatment
with external artificial weak magnetic fields with a frequency
of 2 Hz and intensity of 7.5 picotesla over a period of 6 minutes.
Results showed a significant attenuation in disability and near
total reversal of the symptoms lasting approximately 72 hours.
The patient then applied equivalent magnetic fields on a daily
basis at home. Sustained improvement was seen throughout an observation
of one month. R. Sandyk, Magnetic Fields in the Treatment of
Parkinson's Disease, International Journal of Neurosci, 63(1-2),
March 1992, p. 141-150. This article reports on the case of a
67-year-old male patient suffering from Parkinson's disease and
levodopa-related motor fluctuations. Treatment with the application
of external weak magnetic fields led to improvements in general
Parkinsonian symptoms along with the amelioration of symptoms.
R. Sandyk, Weak Magnetic Fields in the Treatment of Parkinson's
Disease with the Phenomenon, International Journal of Neurosci,
66(1-2), September 1992, p. 97-106.
Neuritis In this study, patients
suffering from peripheral neuritis were exposed to high-frequency
electromagnetic radiation on acupuncture points. EMR was generated
Electronica-EnF, Aria, and Porog devices with tunable frequencies
ranging between 53 and 78 GHz. Treatments were daily and lasted
25 minutes. Results showed full restoration of nerve function
in 87 percent of patients. O. Vassilenko and N.F. Vassilenko,
Use of Extremely High Frequency Electromagnetic Radiation for
Treating Peripheral Neuritis, Second World Congress for Electricity
and Magnetism in Biology and Medicine, 8-13 June 1997, Bologna,
Pneumonia Results of this study showed that magnetic laser
therapy decreased the severity of acute respiratoryinsufficiency
and treatment course, and prevented destructive complications
in children with infiltrative acute destructive pneumonia between
the ages of 1 and 12 years. E.A. Gaidashev, An Evaluation of
the Effect of Magnetic-laser Therapy on External Respiratory
Function in Complicated Forms of Acute Pneumonia in Children,
Vopr Kurortol Fizioter Lech Fiz Kult, (3), May-June 1995, p.
Neuralgia This study found both
pulsed magnetic field treatment (20-30 minutes per day) and whole
body alternating current magnetic field treatment (30 minutes
per day) to be effective therapies for post-herpetic neuralgia
in older patients. Pulsed magnetic field treatment consisted
of 0.6-T (6-kG) samarium/cobalt magnets surrounded spiral coils
generating a maximum 0.1-T pulse. Pads were pasted on the sensory
areas innervated the dorsal root of the spinal cord where there
was scar-association pain or paresthesia. Stimuli were delivered
at 280 V and 8 Hz. Alternating current magnetic field treatment
involved a treatment bed consisting of 19 electrodes containing
paired coils and with a maximum magnetic flux density around
the electrodes of 0.08 T. C. Kusaka, Pulse Magnetic Treatment
and Whole-Body, Alternating Current Magnetic Treatment for Post-Herpetic
Neuralgia, Journal of Japanese Biomagnetism Bioelectromagnetics
Society, 8(2), 1995, p. 29-38.
Pseudoarthrosis In this study, 92 congenital pseudoarthrosis patients
received treatment with pulsing electromagnetic fields. Results
indicated a 76-percent rate of lesion recovery. J.S. Kort, et
al., Congenital Pseudoarthrosis of the Tibia: Treatment with
Pulsing Electromagnetic Fields, Clin Orthop, (165), May 1982,
p. 124-137. In this study, 34 patients with congenital pseudoarthrosis-associated
infantile nonunions received treatment with pulsing electromagnetic
fields. Results indicated that 50 percent experienced full healing,
21 percent experienced healing with need for protections, and
29 percent experienced failure. The majority of failures were
among men with a history of early fracture. Following the demonstration
of coil effects, the PEMF treatment was combined with surgical
realignment, immobilization, and grafting. C.A. Bassett, Congenital
Pseudarthroses of the Tibia: Treatment with Pulsing Electromagnetic
Fields, Clin Orthop, (154), January-February 1981, p. 136-148.
In this study, 29 congenital pseudoarthrosis patients received
extremely-low-frequency pulsing electromagnetic fields. Results:
Over 70 percent experienced full healing, 21 percent experienced
healing with need for protections, and 29 percent experienced
failure. The majority of failures were among men with a history
of early fracture. C.A. Bassett, A Non-operative Salvage of Surgically-resistant
Pseudarthroses and Non-unions Pulsing Electromagnetic Fields.
A Preliminary Report, Clin Orthop, May 1977, p. 128-143. In this
article, the authors report on their own clinical use of electrodynamic
field therapy in the treatment of 271 pseudoarthrosis patients
over a period of 8 years. They report bony healing in 92 percent
of such cases. F. Lechner, Treatment of Infected Pseudoarthroses
with Electrodynamic Field Therapy, Fortschr Med, 97(20), May
24, 1979, p. 943-949. This study examined the effects of pulsed
electromagnetic fields on 91 patients with congenital pseudoarthrosis
of the tibia. Results showed an overall success rate of 72 percent.
C.A. Bassett M. Schink-Ascani, Long-term Pulsed Electromagnetic
Field (PEMF) Results in Congenital Pseudarthrosis, Calcif Tissue
Int, 49(3), September 1991, p. 216-220. Results of this study
indicated that treatment with pulsed electromagnetic fields had
beneficial effects in children suffering from congenital pseudoarthrosis.
M.L. Sutcliffe A.A. Goldberg, The Treatment of Congenital Pseudoarthrosis
of the Tibia with Pusling Electromagnetic Fields: A Survey of
52 Cases, Clinical Orthop, (166), 1982, p. 45-57. Results of
this study indicated that pulsed electromagnetic fields (72 Hz)
can be an effective therapy for patients suffering from lesions
associated with congenital pseudoarthroses when treatment is
combined with appropriate orthopedic management. J.S. Kort C.A.L.
Bassett, Role of Electricity in the Treatment of Congenital Pseudoarthrosis
of the Tibia, Reconstr Surg Traumatol, 19, 1985, p. 140-146.
Disorders Noting the well-established
dangers associated with electroconvulsive therapy, the author,
in this theoretical article, argues that transcranial magnetic
stimulation should be looked at as an alternative psychiatric
treatment. The author asserts that TMS has several advantages
over ECT in that it is painless, noninvasive, and more effective
on deep structures of the brain. T. Zyss, Deep Magnetic Brain
Stimulation - The End of Psychiatric Electroshock Therapy? Medical
Hypotheses, 43(2), 1994, p. 69-74.
Problems Results of this study
showed that the use of low-frequency magnetic fields helped to
prevent and treat critically ill patients suffering from pyoinflammatory
bronchopulmonary complications, and to prevent such complications
as well. G.A. Mozhaev IIu Tikhonovskii, The Prevention and Treatment
of Suppurative-inflammatory Complications in the Bronchopulmonary
System During Prolonged Artificial Ventilation, Anesteziol Reanimatol,
(4), July-August 1002, p. 47-51. This article reports on the
case of a schizophrenic patient suffering from respiratory difficulties
associated with neuroleptic withdrawal. Treatment using external
application of picotesla-range magnetic fields quickly attenuated
the severity of such problems. R. Sandyk K. Derpapas, Successful
Treatment of Respiratory Dyskinesia with picoTesla Range Magnetic
Fields, International Journal of Neurosci, 75(1-2), March 1994,
Sexual Disorders Results of this placebo-controlled study showed
that magnetotherapy exhibited beneficial effects with respect
to cavernous blood flow in male patients suffering from sexual
problems. I.I. Gorpinchenko, The Use of Magnetic Devices in Treating
Sexual Disorders in Men, Lik Sprava, (3-4), March-April 1995,
p. 95-97. This study examined the effects of a combination pulsing
magnetic field (PMF)/vacuum therapy in the treatment of impotence.
Vacuum therapy consisted of the penis being placed into a hermetic
cylinder with a negative pressure of 180-260 mmHg for 10-12 minutes
per exposure for a total of 12-15 exposures.
PMF therapy consisted of the same length and number of exposures,
with 6 Hz, 30 mT being applied to the penile area at the same
time as vacuum therapy. Results showed that, following the combination
therapy, sexual function was restored in about 71 percent of
patients, was improved in 17 percent, and did not change in 17
percent. For those patients receiving vacuum therapy only, the
numbers were 51, 24, and 24 percent, respectively. I.V. Karpukhin
V.A. Bogomol'nii, Local Vacuum-Magnetotherapy of Impotency Patients,
Vopr Kurortol Lech Fiz Kult, (2), 1996, p. 38-40. This double-blind,
placebo-controlled study examined the effects of weak magnetic
fields in men suffering from various sexual disorders, including
decreased erection and premature ejaculation. The three different
magnetic stimulators used included the Biopotenzor, Eros, Bioskan-1
devices. All patients wore one of the three devices for a 3-week
period. Results showed full restoration of sexual function in
38 percent of patients in the Biopotenzor group, 31 percent in
the Eros group, 36 percent in the Bioskan-1 group, and in just
15 percent of the controls. Improvements in sexual function were
seen among 42 percent, 39 percent, 47 percent, and 18 percent,
respectively. I.I. Gorpinchenko, The Use of Magnetic Devices
in Treating Sexual Disorders in Men, Lik Sprava, (3-4), 1995,
Sleep Disorders Results of this double-blind, placebo-controlled
study indicated that low-energy-emission therapy significantly
improved sleeping patterns among patients suffering from chronic
psychophysiological insomnia. Therapy was administered 3 times
per week, always in late afternoon and for 20 minutes, over a
period of 4 weeks. R. Hajdukovic, Effects of Low Energy Emission
Therapy (LEET) on Sleep Structure, First World Congress for Electricity
and Magnetism in Biology and Medicine, 14-19 June 1992, Lake
Buena Vista, FL, p. 92. This double-blind, placebo-controlled
study examined the effects of low-energy emission therapy (27
MHz amplitude-modulated electromagnetic fields) in patients suffering
from insomnia. Treatment consisted of 3 exposures per week over
a 4-week period. Results showed significant increases in total
sleep time among patients in the treatment group relative to
controls. M. Erman, Low-Energy Emission Therapy (LEET) Treatment
for insomnia, Bioelectromagnetics Society, 13th Annual Meeting,
23-27 June 1991, SLC, UT, p. 69. This review article notes that
studies have found low-energy emission therapy to be effective
in the treatment of chronic insomnia, and suggests that it may
also be of value for patients suffering from generalized anxiety
disorders. C. Guilleminault B. Pasche,Clinical Effects of Low
Energy Emission Therapy, Bioelectromagnetics Society, 15th Annual
Meeting, 13-17 June 1993, L.A., CA, p.84
Spinal Cord Injury Results of this study found that exposure to constant
magnetic fields improved healing in rats with experimentally
inducedspinal cord injury, and in human patients suffering from
spinal cord trauma as well. E.V. Tkach,Characteristics of the
Effect of a Constant Electromagnetic Field on Reparative Processes
in Spinal Cord Injuries, Zh Nevropatol Psikhiatr, 89(5), 1989,
p. 41-44. This study examined the effects of functional magnetic
stimulation used to treat spinal cord injury in seven male patients.
Results showed the treatment to be an effective noninvasive approach.
M.K. Sheriff, Neuromodulation of Detrusor Hyper-reflexia Functional
Magnetic Stimulation of the Sacral Roots, British Journal of
Urology, 78(1), July 1996, p. 39-46.
Tuberculosis This study examined the efficacy of millimeter
waves combined with conventional drug treatment in patients suffering
from tuberculosis. MW therapy consisted of 10 exposures of the
thymus area for 60 minutes per day using a Yavor apparatus (6.4
or 7.1 mm wavelength). Controls received drug treatment only.
Results indicated that while MW/drug therapy had no effect on
the clearance of the tuberculosis bacteria, it did facilitate
clinical recovery faster than drug therapy alone. A. Khomenko,
Use of Millimeter-Range Electromagnetic Radiation in Complex
Therapy for Pulmonary Tuberculosis, Millimetrovie Volni v Biologii
I Meditcine, (3), 1994, p. 53-61. This study examined the effects
of extremely-high-frequency therapy as administered via a 1 apparatus
(7.1 mm wavelength) on tuberculosis patients. Results showed
a 25-percent improvement in patients receiving the therapy as
a pathogenic treatment. A 72-percent improvement rate was seen
among patients who received the therapy as treatment for concurrent
diseases. T.V. Kalinina V.D. Churaev, Expense with the Use of
the EHF-Therapy at Ryasan' Regional Clinical TB Dispensary, Millimetrovie
Volni v Biologii i Meditcine, (4), 1994, p. 52-53. This controlled
study examined the effects of constant elastic electromagnetic
fields (40 mT) in patients suffering from pulmonary tuberculosis.
Therapy consisted of 30-45 minute daily application of either
a single magnet or a pair of magnets placed on the chest at an
area high in skin temperature over a 1-3 month period. When coupled
with conventional treatments, one third of patients receiving
the constant electromagnetic fields experienced healing of tubercular
cavities. contrast, only one fifth of patients receiving conventional
treatment alone experienced such effects. One month into combination
treatment, there was no evidence of mycobacterium tuberculosis
in the sputum in half the patients relative to only one third
of controls. A.S. Solov'ena, Use of Constant Magnetic Field for
Increasing the Effectiveness of Chemotherapy in Patients with
Pulmonary Tuberculosis, Probl Tuberk, 8, 1987, p. 53-56.
and Duodenal) Results of this study
showed that the administration of mill metric electromagnetic
waves helped to normalize blood properties, subsequently improving
the effectiveness of more conventional gastric and duodenal ulcer
treatment. M.V. Poslavskii, Treatment of Peptic Ulcer Electromagnetic
Irradiation of the Millimetric Range, Sov Med, (1), 1989, p.
29-31. This study examined the effects of millimeter wave (MW)
therapy in 317 patients suffering from duodenal and gastric ulcers.
MW therapy consisted of 30 minutes per day exposure of the epigastric
area apparatus,(10 mW/cm2, 5.6-mm wavelength) until complete
ulcer cicatrisation was achieved. Results showed a 95-percent
rate of ulcer cicatrisation in patients receiving the treatment
compared to a 78-percent rate in controls. One year follow up
showed a 54-percent ulcer recurrence rate in MW-treated patients,
which was markedly less than the rate for controls. M.V. Poslavsky,
Experience with Application of Millimeter-Range Radiation for
Treatment and Prophylaxis of Stomach and Duodenal Ulcer, Vopr
Kurortol Fizioter Lech Fiz Kult, (4),1989, p. 31-36. This controlled
study found extremely-high-frequency therapy to be an effective
treatment in patients suffering from duodenal ulcers. Treatment
consisted of 5-10 exposures, lasting 20-30 minutes, and making
use of the G4-142 apparatus (53.5-70.0 GHz frequency range).
M.V. Teppone, Extremely-High Frequency Therapy of Duodenal Ulcer,
Klin Med, 9(10), 1991, p. 74-77. This study compared the effects
of traditional drug treatment (TDT) to those of microwave resonance
therapy (MRT) in patients suffering from duodenal ulcers. Results
indicated the mean hospital stay for patients in the TDT group
was approximately 22 days. Throughout this period, ulcers healed
in 38 percent of patients, were reduced in 17 percent, showed
no change in 43 percent, and increased in 2 percent. No pain
relief was seen in 32 percent. contrast, mean discharge time
for patients in the MRT group was approximately 12 days. Pain
was generally stopped in 3-6 days. Complete healing occurred
in 81 percent, a decrease was seen in 16 percent, and ulcer size
did not change in just 3 percent. Remission occurred in 98 percent
of such patients. S.S. Dudka, A Comparative Assessment of the
Efficacy of Drug Therapy and Microwave Resonance Therapy for
Ulcerative Disease of the Duodenum," Fundamental and Applied
Aspects of the Use of Millimeter Electromagnetic Radiation in
Medicine. Abstracts of the 1st All-Union Symposium with International
Participation, May 10-13, 1989, Kiev, Ukraine, p. 195-197. In
this study, microwave resonance therapy (MRT) was administered
to 2642 patients suffering from duodenal ulcers and to 78 with
gastric ulcers. Treatment involved the use of a G4-142 device
(53.6-78.3 GHz, less than 2 mW/cm2 incident power) as well as
Electronika-KVCh and Porog-1 devices. Patients received 6-12
daily exposures of between 20 and 25 minutes. Results showed
a total ulcer cicatrization in 80 percent of patients, and arrested
pain syndrome in almost 100 percent. V.A. Kutzenok,Microwave
ResonanceTherapy of Stomach and Duodenal ulcers, Fundamental
and Applied Aspects of the Use of Millimeter Electromagnetic
Radiation in Medicine. Abstracts of the 1st All-Union Symposium
with International Participation, May 10-13, 1989, Kiev, Ukraine,
(Trophic) This study examined the
use of magnetotherapy coupled with galvanization and intratissue
electrophoresis in 86 patients suffering from trophic ulcers.
A Potok-1 apparatus with a density of current equal to 0.05-0.1
mA/cm2 was used to create an electrical field. The MAG-30 apparatus
for low-frequency magnetotherapy with induction of 30 mT and
area of exposure of 20 cm2 was applied to a trophic ulcer site
at the same time. Results led the authors to conclude that magnetogalvanotherapy
is the recommended treatment for trophic ulcers of the lower
extremities. A.V. Alekseenko, Use of Magnetic Therapy Combined
with Galvanization and Tissue Electrophoresis in the Treatment
of Trophic Ulcers, Klin Khir, (7-8), 1993, p. 31-34. This review
article discusses the theoretical and clinical applications of
magnetic field therapy in the treatment of trophic ulcers of
the lower limbs. A. Sieron, Use of Magnetic Field in Treatment
of Trophic Leg Ulcers, Pol Tyg Lek, 46(37-39), September 1991,
p. 717-719. This study looked at the effects of conventional
trophic ulcer treatment alone and in combination with alternating
magnetic field (AMF) or constant magnetic field (CMF) exposures
in a group of patients suffering from various types of trophic
ulcers of the lower limbs. Results showed an average hospital
stay of 31 days in the CMF group and 27 days in the AMF group,
compared to 40 days among controls. Based on these and related
findings, the authors suggest combination AMF therapy to be most
effective. I.G. Sukhotnik,Comparative Effectiveness of Using
Constant and Alternating Magnetic Fields in the Treatment of
Trophic Ulcers, Vest Khir, 144(6), 1990, p. 123-124. This placebo-controlled
study examined the effects of pulsed electromagnetic fields in
the treatment of decubitus ulcers in hospitalized elderly patients
with stage II and III pressure ulcers. Patients received daily
PEMF stimulation in conjunction with conventional treatment for
a period of up to 5 weeks. The findings were that combined PEMF/conventional
treatment was superior to conventional treatment and to the placebo
received controls. S. Comorosan, The Effect of Diapulse Therapy
on the Healing of Decubitus Ulcer, Romanian Journal of Physiol,
30(1-2), 1993, p. 41-45. Results of this study found that the
daily use of electromagnetolaser therapy decreased mean healing
time in patients suffering from lower extremity trophic ulcers
to approximately 18 days, compared with approximately 26 days
in patients receiving laser therapy alone. F.V. Galimzianov,
Laser and Electromagnetolaser Therapy for Trophic Ulcers of the
Lower Extremities in Chronic Venous Insufficiency, Vestn Khir
Im I I Grek, 152(5-6), 1994, p. 70-72. This double-blind, placebo-controlled
study found that treatment with non thermal pulsed electromagnetic
energy (PEMET) accelerated would healing in spinal cord injury
patients suffering from stage II and III pressure ulcers. PEMET
treatment consisted of pulsed 27.12-MHz energy produced via a
Diapulse device. Energy was delivered the use of a treatment
head placed in wound dressings, in 30-minute periods twice a
day for 12 weeks or until sores healed. C.A. Salzberg, The Effects
of Non-Thermal Pulsed Electromagnetic Energy on Wound Healing
of Pressure Ulcers in Spinal Cord-Injured Patients: A Randomized,
Double-Blind Study, Wounds: A Compendium of Clinical Researchand
Practice, 7(1), 1995, p. 11-16. This double-blind, placebo-controlled
study examined the effects of pulsed electromagnetic fields (75
Hz, 2.7 mT) applied 4 hours per day for a maximum of 3 months
coupled with conventional therapies in patients suffering from
trophic lesions. Results showed the treatment to have positive
effects, but only on small lesions. M. Jeran, PEMF Stimulation
of Skin Ulcers of Venous Origin in Humans: Preliminary Report
of a Double Blind Study, Journal of Bioelectr, 6(2), 1987, p.
Urinary Problems In this article, the authors report on their successful
use of magnetic-laser therapy in inflammations of the urinary
system in a urological clinic setting. O.B. Loran, Magnetic-laser
Therapy in Inflammatory and Posttraumatic Lesions of the Urinary
System, Urol Nefrol (Mosk), (5), September-October 1996, p. 10-14.
Results of this study showed magnetolaser therapy to be effective
in the treatment of patients suffering from urolithiasis (stone
formation). Magnetolaser therapy involved the use of a Milita
device with a 35-mT magnetic field. V.P. Avdoshin, Assessment
of Magnetolaser Therapy in Comparison with Other Methods ofTreatment
of Patients with Urolithiasis, Fiz Med, 4(1-2), 1994, p. 102-103.
Wound Healing This study examined the effects of static magnetic
fields on postoperative wounds in 21 patients undergoing plastic
surgery. Magnetic patches ranging in thickness from 1 to 6 mm,
and 2450 to 3950 G field strength were administered over the
area of operation for a total of 48 hours. Thirteen patients
received the magnets after pain or edema had appeared and 8 received
them prophylactically. Results showed a decrease in pain, edema,
and coloration in approximately 60 percent of patients. Such
symptoms disappeared entirely in 75 percent. D. Man, Effect of
Permanent Magnetic Field on Postoperative Pain and Wound Healing
in Plastic Surgery, Second World Congress for Electricity and
Magnetism in Biology and Medicine, 8-13 June 1997, Bologna, Italy.
Results of this study indicated that treatment with pulsating
electromagnetic field either alone or in combination with laser
therapy exhibited healing effects with respect to peripheral
nerve lesions and general wound healing relative to controls.
B. Vukovic-Jankovic, Peripheral Nerve Regeneration Stimulated
Pulsating Electromagnetic (PEMF) Field and Laser, Second World
Congress for Electricity and Magnetism in Biology and Medicine,
8-13 June 1997, Bologna, Italy. This double-blind, placebo-controlled
study examined the effects of a magnetic treatment device taped
over the carpal tunnel against wrist pain sustained at work among
a group of turkey plant employees. Results showed that the device
was effective in alleviating such pain and that it was free of
side effects. M.J. McLean, Treatment of Wrist Pain in the Work
Place with a Static Magnetic Device - Interim Report of a Clinical
Trial, Second World Congress for Electricity and Magnetism in
Biology and Medicine, June 8-13, Bologna, Italy. Results of this
controlled study showed that low-frequency pulsed electromagnetic
fields produced significant beneficial cutaneous wound healing
effects in rats. O. Patino, Pulsed Electromagnetic Fields in
Experimental Cutaneous Wound Healing in Rats, Journal of Burn
Care Rehabil, 17(6 PT 1), 1996, p. 528-531. This double-blind,
placebo-controlled study found that treatment with non thermal
pulsed radio frequency energy accelerated would healing in spinal
cord injury patients suffering from stage II and III pressure
ulcers. RF treatment consisted of pulsed 27.12-MHz energy produced
via a Diapulse device, with energy delivered via a treatment
head placed in wound dressings, in 30-minute periods twice a
day for 12 weeks or until sores healed. C.A. Salzberg, The Effects
of Non-Thermal Pulsed Electromagnetic Energy on Wound Healing
of Pressure Ulcers in Spinal Cord-Injured Patients: A Randomized,
Double-Blind Study, Ostomy Wound Manage, 41(3), 1995, p. 42-51.
After a discussion of the mechanics involved in the use of pulsed
electromagnetic energy in the treatment of disease, the author
discusses findings from
recent studies pointing to the therapy's effectiveness with respect
to the treatment of acute soft-tissue lesions. G.C. Coats,Pulsed
Electromagnetic (Short-Wave) Energy Therapy, British Journal
of Sports Medicine, 23(4),1989, p. 213-216. Results of this placebo-controlled
study indicated that low-intensity continuous microwave radiation
administered over a period of 7 days was effective in
treating post-operative purulent wounds associated with abdominal
surgery. N.N. Korpan T. Saradeth, Clinical Effects of Continous
Microwave for Postoperative Septic Wound Treatment: A Double-Blind
Controlled Trial, American Journal of Surgery, 170(3), 1995,
p. 271-276. Results of this study showed that combined magneto/laser
therapy reduced inflammation and wound suppuration, and enhanced
tissue healing significantly in patients suffering from gunshot
wounds relative to conventional treatment only. N. Bairamov,
Magnetolaser Therapy in Complex Treatment of Gunshot Wounds,"
All-Union Symposium: Laser and Magnetic Therapy in Experimental
and Clinical Studies, 16-18 June 1993, Obnisk, Kaluga Region,
Russia, p. 184-185. Noting that pulsed electromagnetic fields
have been used in bone healing for more than 20 years, this review
article cites recent results from both animal and human studies
pointing to the efficacy of PEMF in the treatment of soft-tissue
injuries as well. B.F. Sisken J. Walker, Therapeutic Aspects
of Electromagnetic Fields for Soft-Tissue Healing, in M. Blank,
(ed.), Electromagnetic Fields: Biological Interactions and Mechanisms,
Washington, D.C.: American Chemical Society,1995, p. 277-285.
This double-blind study examined the effects of postoperative
nonthermal pulsed high-frequency electromagnetic fields on edema
formation and bruise healing in boys undergoing orchidopexy.
Treatment involved exposure 3 times daily for the first 4 days
following surgery. Significant effects with respect to rate of
bruise resolution were reported in patients receiving the treatment
relative to controls. R.H.C. Bentall H.B. Eckstein, A Trial Involving
the Use of Pulsed Electro-Magnetic Therapy on Children Undergoing
Orchidopexy, Z. Kinderchir, 17(4), 1975, p. 380-389. This controlled
study examined the effects of pulsed electromagnetic fields in
patients suffering from chronic productive inflammation or orbital
tissue. PEMF treatment consisted of 7-10 minute daily exposures
over a period of 10 days. Controls received conventional treatment
only. Both groups showed good improvement, but patients treated
with the PEMFs recovered significantly faster than did controls.
L.S. Teren'eva, Treatment of Chronic Productive Inflammation
of Orbital Tissues with a Pulsed Electromagnetic Field, Oftalmol
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